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Dynamics of the demand for money and uncertainty : The U.S. demand for money revisited

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  • Koskela, Erkki
  • Virén, Matti

Abstract

The purpose of the paper is to revisit the demand for money specifiections by using U.S. quarterly data over the sample period 1951:1 - 1983:4. Utilizing the so-called threshold models suggested by Tong and Lim (1980) we first demonstrate the unsatisfactory performance of standard linear partial adjustment type specifications. Then we turn to compare error correetion type models; the generalized error correetion type demand for money model seems to outperform other specifications, but suffer from heteroscedasticity of residuals. Finally, an attempt is made with some success to account for this heteroscedasticity by augmented variables - variance of nominal interest rate and inflation and covariance between nominal interestrate and inflation - which attempt to measure changes in uncertainty over time. The resulting specification passes all standard diagnostic checks and shows also otherwise reasonable properties.

Suggested Citation

  • Koskela, Erkki & Virén, Matti, 1988. "Dynamics of the demand for money and uncertainty : The U.S. demand for money revisited," Research Discussion Papers 4/1988, Bank of Finland.
  • Handle: RePEc:bof:bofrdp:1988_004
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    7. Judd, John P & Scadding, John L, 1982. "The Search for a Stable Money Demand Function: A Survey of the Post-1973 Literature," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 20(3), pages 993-1023, September.
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    15. Koskela, Erkki & Viren, Matti, 1987. "Inflation, Hedging and the Demand for Money: Some Empirical Evidence," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 25(2), pages 251-265, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Kuosmanen, Hannele & Pyyhtiä, Ilmo & Siiskonen, Reijo, 1988. "The KTKV model of the economics department of the Bank of Finland," Research Discussion Papers 10/1988, Bank of Finland.
    2. Skolnik, Amy, 1988. "The EC internal market : An "economic United States" of Europe," Research Discussion Papers 19/1988, Bank of Finland.

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