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Is bank competition detrimental to efficiency? : Evidence from China

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  • Fungáčová, Zuzana
  • Pessarossi, Pierre
  • Weill, Laurent

Abstract

This paper addresses the relationship between bank competition and efficiency by computing Lerner indices and cost efficiency scores for a sample of Chinese banks over the period 2002-2011. Granger-causality tests are performed in a dynamic GMM panel estimator framework to evaluate the sign and direction of causality between them. We observe no increase in bank competition over the period, even as cost efficiency improves. In a departure from the empirical literature showing that competition negatively granger-causes cost efficiency for Western banks, we find no significant relation between competition and efficiency. This suggests that measures to increase bank competition in the Chinese context are not detrimental to efficiency. JEL Codes: G21, D40 Keywords: bank, competition, efficiency, China

Suggested Citation

  • Fungáčová, Zuzana & Pessarossi, Pierre & Weill, Laurent, 2012. "Is bank competition detrimental to efficiency? : Evidence from China," BOFIT Discussion Papers 31/2012, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
  • Handle: RePEc:bof:bofitp:2012_031
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    2. Mirzaei, Ali, 2019. "Market power among UAE banks: The 2008 financial crisis and its impact," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 56-66.
    3. Phan, Hien Thu & Anwar, Sajid & Alexander, W. Robert J. & Phan, Hanh Thi My, 2019. "Competition, efficiency and stability: An empirical study of East Asian commercial banks," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(C).
    4. Andrei Vernikov, 2014. "China and Russia: Institutional Coherence between the Banking Systems," UCL SSEES Economics and Business working paper series 130, UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies (SSEES).
    5. Pessarossi, Pierre & Weill, Laurent, 2015. "Do capital requirements affect cost efficiency? Evidence from China," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 19(C), pages 119-127.
    6. Masaki Yamaguchi, 2018. "Are Foreign Banks in China Homogenous? : Classification of their Business Patterns," Journal of Accounting, Business and Finance Research, Scientific Publishing Institute, vol. 3(1), pages 10-17.
    7. Pessarossi, Pierre & Weill, Laurent, 2013. "Do capital requirements affect bank efficiency? Evidence from China," BOFIT Discussion Papers 28/2013, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    8. Horvath, Roman & Seidler, Jakub & Weill, Laurent, 2016. "How bank competition influences liquidity creation," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 52(PA), pages 155-161.
    9. Korkeamäki, Timo & Pöyry, Salla & Suo, Maiju, 2014. "Credit ratings and information asymmetry on the Chinese syndicated loan market," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 1-16.
    10. Chen, Zhongfei & Matousek, Roman & Wanke, Peter, 2018. "Chinese bank efficiency during the global financial crisis: A combined approach using satisficing DEA and Support Vector Machines☆," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 71-86.
    11. Chen, Zhongfei & Wanke, Peter & Tsionas, Mike G., 2018. "Assessing the strategic fit of potential M&As in Chinese banking: A novel Bayesian stochastic frontier approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 254-263.
    12. Mansour, Rana & El Moussawi, Chawki, 2020. "Efficiency, technical progress and productivity of Arab banks: A non-parametric approach," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 191-208.
    13. Florian Leon, 2015. "What do we know about the role of bank competition in Africa?," Working Papers halshs-01164864, HAL.
    14. Fungáčová, Zuzana & Weill, Laurent, 2017. "Trusting banks in China," BOFIT Discussion Papers 9/2017, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    15. Zuzana FUNGACOVA & Paul-Olivier KLEIN & Laurent WEILL, 2018. "Persistent and Transient Inefficiency: Explaining the Low Efficiency of Chinese Big Banks," Working Papers of LaRGE Research Center 2018-07, Laboratoire de Recherche en Gestion et Economie (LaRGE), Université de Strasbourg.
    16. Fungáčová, Zuzana & Nuutilainen, Riikka & Weill, Laurent, 2016. "Reserve requirements and the bank lending channel in China," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 37-50.
    17. Thanh Pham Thien Nguyen & Son Hong Nghiem & Eduardo Roca & Parmendra Sharma, 2016. "Efficiency, innovation and competition: evidence from Vietnam, China and India," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 51(3), pages 1235-1259, November.
    18. Shiyi Chen & Wolfgang K. Härdle & Li Wang, 2020. "Estimation and determinants of Chinese banks’ total factor efficiency: a new vision based on unbalanced development of Chinese banks and their overall risk," Computational Statistics, Springer, vol. 35(2), pages 427-468, June.
    19. Fungáčová, Zuzana & Klein, Paul-Olivier & Weill, Laurent, 2020. "Persistent and transient inefficiency: Explaining the low efficiency of Chinese big banks11We thank Ifthekar Hasan, Chun-Yu Ho, Iikka Korhonen, Jun Wu, Yanrui Wu, the participants of the Conference on," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 59(C).
    20. Liangliang He & Lei Chen & Frank Hong Liu, 2017. "Banking reforms, performance and risk in China," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(40), pages 3995-4012, August.
    21. Hou, Xiaohui & Wang, Qing & Zhang, Qi, 2014. "Market structure, risk taking, and the efficiency of Chinese commercial banks," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 20(C), pages 75-88.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • D40 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - General

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