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Estimating the determinants of foreign direct investment inflows : how important are sampling and omitted variable biases?

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  • Kinoshita, Yuko
  • Campos, Nauro F.

Abstract

This paper investigates the importance of factor endowment vis-à-vis institutions in explaining the locational choice of foreign investors during the 1990s.Using dynamic panel estimation on data for transition economies, we find that low labour costs, bureaucratic efficiency ("institutions"), agglomeration economies and natural resource abundance are key factors explaining foreign investors' decisions.However, sampling proves fundamental as these overall determinants mask deep and, so far empirically unexplored, differences between groups of recipient countries.For example, for the former Soviet Union economies we estimate that labour costs are no longer crucial, but abundance of natural resources and (interestingly) lower levels of human capital are.For Eastern Europe, we find that external liberalisation (one aspect of economic reform) is crucial in foreign investor's decisions.The main message is that minimising sampling biases and accounting for previously omitted variables yields a different, much richer picture than previously available. JEL classification: F21, O16, C33, P27 Keywords: Foreign direct investment, dynamic panel estimation, transition economies

Suggested Citation

  • Kinoshita, Yuko & Campos, Nauro F., 2004. "Estimating the determinants of foreign direct investment inflows : how important are sampling and omitted variable biases?," BOFIT Discussion Papers 10/2004, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
  • Handle: RePEc:bof:bofitp:2004_010
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Paul J.J. Welfens, 2016. "EU-Osterweiterung: Anpassungsprozesse, Binnenmarktdynamik und Euro-Perspektiven," EIIW Discussion paper disbei216, Universitätsbibliothek Wuppertal, University Library.
    2. Olena Havrylchyk & Sandra Poncet, 2007. "Foreign Direct Investment in China: Reward or Remedy?," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 30(11), pages 1662-1681, November.
    3. Zaiter Lahimer, Mahjouba, 2011. "L’impact des entrées de capitaux privés sur la croissance économique dans les pays en développement," Economics Thesis from University Paris Dauphine, Paris Dauphine University, number 123456789/7670 edited by Sterdyniak, Henri, March.
    4. Yin-Wong Cheung & Xingwang Qian, 2009. "The Empirics of China's Outward Direct Investment," CESifo Working Paper Series 2621, CESifo Group Munich.
    5. Johnson, Andreas, 2006. "FDI inflows to the Transition Economies in Eastern Europe: Magnitude and Determinants," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 59, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
    6. repec:ijb:journl:v:16:y:2017:i:1:p:31-48 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Merita Zulfiu Alili, 2014. "Simulation Analysis of the Effects of Increased Foreign Ownership on Wage Inequality," Academicus International Scientific Journal, Entrepreneurship Training Center Albania, issue 9, pages 140-158, January.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • P27 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Performance and Prospects

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