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Introduction to Legal Means for Protecting Intellectual Property

In: Technological Innovation: Generating Economic Results


  • Anne M. Rector
  • Bunny Sandefur
  • Marco Ceccagnoli
  • Meadow Clendenin
  • Louise Hallenborg


This chapter provides an overview of the five main modes of intellectual property (IP) protection – patents, copyrights, trademarks, trade secrets, and designs – available in the United States, the European Union, and Japan. After describing the purposes of and principal differences among the five types of IP protection and outlining the advantages of each form, the chapter provides country- and region-specific information. The authors highlight the aspects of IP law in which international harmonization has, or has not yet, occurred, and offer insights into the relative advantages of various national and regional IP protection systems.

Suggested Citation

  • Anne M. Rector & Bunny Sandefur & Marco Ceccagnoli & Meadow Clendenin & Louise Hallenborg, 2016. "Introduction to Legal Means for Protecting Intellectual Property," Advances in the Study of Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Economic Growth, in: Marie C. Thursby (ed.),Technological Innovation: Generating Economic Results, volume 26, pages 87-130, Emerald Publishing Ltd.
  • Handle: RePEc:eme:aseizz:s1048-473620160000026004

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    Patents; trademarks; copyright; trade secrets; designs;


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