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Lessons for monetary policy strategies from the recent past

  • Stephan Fahr

    (European Central Bank)

  • Roberto Motto

    (European Central Bank)

  • Massimo Rostagno

    (European Central Bank)

  • Frank Smets

    (European Central Bank)

  • Oreste Tristani

    (European Central Bank)

We evaluate the ECB’s monetary policy strategy against the underlying economic structure of the euro area economy, in normal times and in times of severe financial dislocations. We show that in the years preceding the financial crisis that started in 2007 the ECB’s strategy was successful at ensuring macroeconomic stability and steady growth. Emphasis on monetary indicators in the policy process - the monetary pillar of the ECB’s monetary policy strategy - was instrumental in avoiding more volatile and less predictable patterns of inflation and output growth. After the collapse of financial intermediation in late 2008, the strategy of the ECB was to preserve the integrity of the monetary policy transmission mechanism by adopting a comprehensive package of non-standard policy measures. The liquidity interventions decided in October 2008 and in May 2009 were critical to preserving price stability and forestalling a more disruptive collapse of the macroeconomy.

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This chapter was published in:
  • Marek Jarocinski & Frank Smets & Christian Thimann (ed.), 2011. "Approaches to monetary policy revisited - lessons from the crisis, 6th ECB Central Banking Conference, 18-19 November 2010," Books, European Central Bank, number cbc6, October.
  • This item is provided by European Central Bank in its series Chapters with number cbc6-02.
    Handle: RePEc:ecb:chaptr:cbc6-02
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    1. Geert Bekaert & Marie Hoerova & Marco Lo Duca, 2012. "Risk, uncertainty and monetary policy," Working Paper Research 229, National Bank of Belgium.
    2. Gary Gorton, 2009. "Information, Liquidity, and the (Ongoing) Panic of 2007," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 99(2), pages 567-72, May.
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    5. Beechey, Meredith J & Johannsen, Benjamin K & Levin, Andrew, 2007. "Are Long-Run Inflation Expectations Anchored More Firmly in the Euro Area than in the United States?," CEPR Discussion Papers 6536, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    6. DETKEN Carsten & SMETS Frank, . "Asset Price Booms and Monetary Policy," EcoMod2003 330700042, EcoMod.
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    8. Carmen M. Reinhart & Kenneth S. Rogoff, 2009. "This Time Is Different: Eight Centuries of Financial Folly," Economics Books, Princeton University Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 8973.
    9. Gabriela Galati & Steven Poelhekke & Chen Zhou, 2011. "Did the Crisis Affect Inflation Expectations?," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 7(1), pages 167-207, March.
    10. Jiménez, Gabriel & Ongena, Steven & Peydró, José Luis & Saurina, Jesús, 2007. "Hazardous Times for Monetary Policy: What Do Twenty-Three Million Bank Loans Say About the Effects of Monetary Policy on Credit Risk?," CEPR Discussion Papers 6514, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    13. Raghuram G. Rajan, 2005. "Has financial development made the world riskier?," Proceedings - Economic Policy Symposium - Jackson Hole, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, issue Aug, pages 313-369.
    14. Lawrence Christiano & Cosmin L. Ilut & Roberto Motto & Massimo Rostagno, 2010. "Monetary Policy and Stock Market Booms," NBER Working Papers 16402, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    15. Lenza, Michele & Pill, Huw & Reichlin, Lucrezia, 2010. "Monetary policy in exceptional times," CEPR Discussion Papers 7669, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    16. repec:ner:tilbur:urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-3763052 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Benati, Luca & Goodhart, Charles, 2010. "Monetary Policy Regimes and Economic Performance: The Historical Record, 1979-2008," Handbook of Monetary Economics, in: Benjamin M. Friedman & Michael Woodford (ed.), Handbook of Monetary Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 21, pages 1159-1236 Elsevier.
    18. Benati, Luca, 2009. "Long run evidence on money growth and inflation," Working Paper Series 1027, European Central Bank.
    19. Nuno Cassola & Alain Durré & Cornelia Holthausen, 2011. "Implementing monetary policy in the crisis times - the case of the ECB," Chapters, European Central Bank.
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