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Lessons for monetary policy strategies from the recent past

  • Stephan Fahr

    (European Central Bank)

  • Roberto Motto

    (European Central Bank)

  • Massimo Rostagno

    (European Central Bank)

  • Frank Smets

    (European Central Bank)

  • Oreste Tristani

    (European Central Bank)

We evaluate the ECB’s monetary policy strategy against the underlying economic structure of the euro area economy, in normal times and in times of severe financial dislocations. We show that in the years preceding the financial crisis that started in 2007 the ECB’s strategy was successful at ensuring macroeconomic stability and steady growth. Emphasis on monetary indicators in the policy process - the monetary pillar of the ECB’s monetary policy strategy - was instrumental in avoiding more volatile and less predictable patterns of inflation and output growth. After the collapse of financial intermediation in late 2008, the strategy of the ECB was to preserve the integrity of the monetary policy transmission mechanism by adopting a comprehensive package of non-standard policy measures. The liquidity interventions decided in October 2008 and in May 2009 were critical to preserving price stability and forestalling a more disruptive collapse of the macroeconomy.

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This chapter was published in:
  • Marek Jarocinski & Frank Smets & Christian Thimann (ed.), 2011. "Approaches to monetary policy revisited - lessons from the crisis, 6th ECB Central Banking Conference, 18-19 November 2010," Books, European Central Bank, number cbc6, Fall.
  • This item is provided by European Central Bank in its series Chapters with number cbc6-02.
    Handle: RePEc:ecb:chaptr:cbc6-02
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    13. Lenza, Michele & Pill, Huw & Reichlin, Lucrezia, 2010. "Monetary policy in exceptional times," CEPR Discussion Papers 7669, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    15. Bernanke, Ben & Gertler, Mark, 1995. "Inside the Black Box: The Credit Channel of Monetary Policy Transmission," Working Papers 95-15, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
    16. Jiminez, G. & Ongena, S. & Saurina, J., 2007. "Hazardous Times for Monetary Policy : What do Twenty-three Million Bank Loans Say about the Effects of Monetary Policy on Credit Risk?," Discussion Paper 2007-75, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    17. Benati, Luca, 2009. "Long run evidence on money growth and inflation," Working Paper Series 1027, European Central Bank.
    18. Gary Gorton, 2009. "Information, Liquidity, and the (Ongoing) Panic of 2007," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 99(2), pages 567-72, May.
    19. Benati, Luca & Goodhart, Charles, 2010. "Monetary Policy Regimes and Economic Performance: The Historical Record, 1979-2008," Handbook of Monetary Economics, in: Benjamin M. Friedman & Michael Woodford (ed.), Handbook of Monetary Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 21, pages 1159-1236 Elsevier.
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