IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/f/pli690.html
   My authors  Follow this author

Xiaochun Liu

Personal Details

First Name:Xiaochun
Middle Name:
Last Name:Liu
Suffix:
RePEc Short-ID:pli690
The above email address does not seem to be valid anymore. Please ask Xiaochun Liu to update the entry or send us the correct address or status for this person. Thank you.
https://sites.google.com/site/xiaochunliu2015/home

Affiliation

Department of Economics, Finance and Legal Studies
Culverhouse College of Business
University of Alabama-Tuscaloosa

Tuscaloosa, Alabama (United States)
https://efls.culverhouse.ua.edu/
RePEc:edi:defuaus (more details at EDIRC)

Research output

as
Jump to: Working papers Articles

Working papers

  1. Timo Dimitriadis & Xiaochun Liu & Julie Schnaitmann, 2020. "Encompassing Tests for Value at Risk and Expected Shortfall Multi-Step Forecasts based on Inference on the Boundary," Papers 2009.07341, arXiv.org.
  2. Stanislav Anatolyev & Nikolay Gospodinov & Ibrahim Jamali & Xiaochun Liu, 2015. "Foreign exchange predictability during the financial crisis: implications for carry trade profitability," FRB Atlanta Working Paper 2015-6, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.
  3. Liu, Xiaochun, 2013. "Markov-Switching Quantile Autoregression," MPRA Paper 55800, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Liu, Xiaochun, 2013. "Systemic Risk of Commercial Banks: A Markov-Switching Quantile Autoregression Approach," MPRA Paper 55801, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Liu, Xiaochun, 2011. "Modeling the time-varying skewness via decomposition for out-of-sample forecast," MPRA Paper 41248, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Liu, Xiaochun & Jacobsen, Brian, 2011. "The Dynamic International Optimal Hedge Ratio," MPRA Paper 35260, University Library of Munich, Germany.

Articles

  1. Liu, Xiaochun, 2020. "Quantile-Based Asymmetric Dynamics Of Real Gdp Growth," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 24(8), pages 1960-1988, December.
  2. You, Yu & Liu, Xiaochun, 2020. "Forecasting short-run exchange rate volatility with monetary fundamentals: A GARCH-MIDAS approach," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 116(C).
  3. Yu You & Xiaochun Liu, 2019. "Cyclicality of stock market volatility," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 26(8), pages 645-649, May.
  4. Liu, Xiaochun, 2019. "On tail fatness of macroeconomic dynamics," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 62(C).
  5. Liu Xiaochun & Luger Richard, 2018. "Markov-switching quantile autoregression: a Gibbs sampling approach," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 22(2), pages 1, April.
  6. Xiaochun Liu, 2018. "Structural Volatility Impulse Response Function and Asymptotic Inference," Journal of Financial Econometrics, Society for Financial Econometrics, vol. 16(2), pages 316-339.
  7. Xiaochun Liu, 2018. "How is the Taylor Rule Distributed under Endogenous Monetary Regimes?," International Review of Finance, International Review of Finance Ltd., vol. 18(2), pages 305-316, June.
  8. Liu, Xiaochun, 2017. "Can macroeconomic dynamics explain the time variation of risk–return trade-offs in the U.S. financial market?," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 275-293.
  9. Liu, Xiaochun, 2017. "Unfolded risk-return trade-offs and links to Macroeconomic Dynamics," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 1-19.
  10. Liu, Xiaochun, 2017. "An integrated macro-financial risk-based approach to the stressed capital requirement," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 86-98.
  11. Liu, Xiaochun, 2017. "Measuring systemic risk with regime switching in tails," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 55-72.
  12. Anatolyev, Stanislav & Gospodinov, Nikolay & Jamali, Ibrahim & Liu, Xiaochun, 2017. "Foreign exchange predictability and the carry trade: A decomposition approach," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 199-211.
  13. Xiaochun Liu, 2016. "Markov switching quantile autoregression," Statistica Neerlandica, Netherlands Society for Statistics and Operations Research, vol. 70(4), pages 356-395, November.
  14. Frazier, David T. & Liu, Xiaochun, 2016. "A new approach to risk-return trade-off dynamics via decomposition," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 43-55.
  15. Liu, Xiaochun, 2015. "Modeling time-varying skewness via decomposition for out-of-sample forecast," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 296-311.
  16. Liu, Xiaochun & Luger, Richard, 2015. "Unfolded GARCH models," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 186-217.
  17. Jacobsen, Brian J. & Liu, Xiaochun, 2008. "China's segmented stock market: An application of the conditional international capital asset pricing model," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 9(3), pages 153-173, September.

Citations

Many of the citations below have been collected in an experimental project, CitEc, where a more detailed citation analysis can be found. These are citations from works listed in RePEc that could be analyzed mechanically. So far, only a minority of all works could be analyzed. See under "Corrections" how you can help improve the citation analysis.

Working papers

  1. Timo Dimitriadis & Xiaochun Liu & Julie Schnaitmann, 2020. "Encompassing Tests for Value at Risk and Expected Shortfall Multi-Step Forecasts based on Inference on the Boundary," Papers 2009.07341, arXiv.org.

    Cited by:

    1. Tobias Fissler & Yannick Hoga, 2021. "Backtesting Systemic Risk Forecasts using Multi-Objective Elicitability," Papers 2104.10673, arXiv.org, revised Jul 2021.
    2. Timo Dimitriadis & Xiaochun Liu & Julie Schnaitmann, 2020. "Encompassing Tests for Value at Risk and Expected Shortfall Multi-Step Forecasts based on Inference on the Boundary," Papers 2009.07341, arXiv.org.

  2. Liu, Xiaochun, 2013. "Markov-Switching Quantile Autoregression," MPRA Paper 55800, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    Cited by:

    1. Xiaochun Liu, 2017. "An integrated macro‐financial risk‐based approach to the stressed capital requirement," Review of Financial Economics, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 34(1), pages 86-98, September.
    2. Yunmi Kim & Lijuan Huo & Tae-Hwan Kim, 2020. "Dealing with Markov-Switching Parameters in Quantile Regression Models," Working papers 2020rwp-166, Yonsei University, Yonsei Economics Research Institute.
    3. Xiaochun Liu, 2018. "How is the Taylor Rule Distributed under Endogenous Monetary Regimes?," International Review of Finance, International Review of Finance Ltd., vol. 18(2), pages 305-316, June.

  3. Liu, Xiaochun, 2011. "Modeling the time-varying skewness via decomposition for out-of-sample forecast," MPRA Paper 41248, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    Cited by:

    1. Frazier, David T. & Liu, Xiaochun, 2016. "A new approach to risk-return trade-off dynamics via decomposition," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 43-55.
    2. Liu, Xiaochun, 2017. "Unfolded risk-return trade-offs and links to Macroeconomic Dynamics," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 1-19.
    3. Liu, Xiaochun, 2017. "Can macroeconomic dynamics explain the time variation of risk–return trade-offs in the U.S. financial market?," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 275-293.
    4. You, Yu & Liu, Xiaochun, 2020. "Forecasting short-run exchange rate volatility with monetary fundamentals: A GARCH-MIDAS approach," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 116(C).

Articles

  1. You, Yu & Liu, Xiaochun, 2020. "Forecasting short-run exchange rate volatility with monetary fundamentals: A GARCH-MIDAS approach," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 116(C).

    Cited by:

    1. Riza Demirer & Rangan Gupta & He Li & Yu You, 2021. "Financial Vulnerability and Volatility in Emerging Stock Markets: Evidence from GARCH-MIDAS Models," Working Papers 202112, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    2. Zuzana Rowland & George Lazaroiu & Ivana Podhorská, 2020. "Use of Neural Networks to Accommodate Seasonal Fluctuations When Equalizing Time Series for the CZK/RMB Exchange Rate," Risks, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(1), pages 1-21, December.
    3. Timo Dimitriadis & Xiaochun Liu & Julie Schnaitmann, 2020. "Encompassing Tests for Value at Risk and Expected Shortfall Multi-Step Forecasts based on Inference on the Boundary," Papers 2009.07341, arXiv.org.

  2. Liu, Xiaochun, 2019. "On tail fatness of macroeconomic dynamics," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 62(C).

    Cited by:

    1. Kiss, Tamás & Mazur, Stepan & Nguyen, Hoang & Österholm, Pär, 2021. "Modelling the Relation between the US Real Economy and the Corporate Bond-Yield Spread in Bayesian VARs with non-Gaussian Disturbances," Working Papers 2021:9, Örebro University, School of Business.
    2. Glocker, Christian & Kaniovski, Serguei, 2020. "Structural modeling and forecasting using a cluster of dynamic factor models," MPRA Paper 101874, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Sune Karlsson & Stepan Mazur & Hoang Nguyen, 2021. "Vector autoregression models with skewness and heavy tails," Papers 2105.11182, arXiv.org.
    4. Kiss, Tamás & Nguyen, Hoang & Österholm, Pär, 2020. "Modelling Returns in US Housing Prices – You’re the One for Me, Fat Tails," Working Papers 2020:13, Örebro University, School of Business.

  3. Liu Xiaochun & Luger Richard, 2018. "Markov-switching quantile autoregression: a Gibbs sampling approach," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 22(2), pages 1, April.

    Cited by:

    1. Xiaochun Liu, 2016. "Markov switching quantile autoregression," Statistica Neerlandica, Netherlands Society for Statistics and Operations Research, vol. 70(4), pages 356-395, November.
    2. Donald Lien & Ziling Wang & Xiaojian Yu, 2021. "Optimal quantile hedging under Markov regime switching," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 60(5), pages 2177-2201, May.
    3. Yunmi Kim & Lijuan Huo & Tae-Hwan Kim, 2020. "Dealing with Markov-Switching Parameters in Quantile Regression Models," Working papers 2020rwp-166, Yonsei University, Yonsei Economics Research Institute.
    4. Maruotti, Antonello & Petrella, Lea & Sposito, Luca, 2021. "Hidden semi-Markov-switching quantile regression for time series," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 159(C).

  4. Xiaochun Liu, 2018. "Structural Volatility Impulse Response Function and Asymptotic Inference," Journal of Financial Econometrics, Society for Financial Econometrics, vol. 16(2), pages 316-339.

    Cited by:

    1. Liu, Xiaochun, 2021. "On fiscal and monetary policy-induced macroeconomic volatility dynamics," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 127(C).

  5. Xiaochun Liu, 2018. "How is the Taylor Rule Distributed under Endogenous Monetary Regimes?," International Review of Finance, International Review of Finance Ltd., vol. 18(2), pages 305-316, June.

    Cited by:

    1. Christou Christina & Naraidoo Ruthira & Gupta Rangan, 2020. "Conventional and unconventional monetary policy reaction to uncertainty in advanced economies: evidence from quantile regressions," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 24(3), pages 1-17, June.
    2. Christina Christou & Ruthira Naraidoo & Rangan Gupta & Christis Hassapis, 2019. "Monetary Policy Reaction to Uncertainty in Japan: Evidence from a Quantile-on-Quantile Interest Rate Rule," Working Papers 201929, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.

  6. Liu, Xiaochun, 2017. "Unfolded risk-return trade-offs and links to Macroeconomic Dynamics," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 1-19.

    Cited by:

    1. Xiaochun Liu, 2017. "An integrated macro‐financial risk‐based approach to the stressed capital requirement," Review of Financial Economics, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 34(1), pages 86-98, September.
    2. Tsuji, Chikashi, 2020. "Correlation and spillover effects between the US and international banking sectors: New evidence and implications for risk management," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 70(C).
    3. Ma, Chaoqun & Mi, Xianhua & Cai, Zongwu, 2020. "Nonlinear and time-varying risk premia," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 62(C).
    4. Yang, Minxian, 2019. "The risk return relationship: Evidence from index returns and realised variances," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 1-1.

  7. Liu, Xiaochun, 2017. "An integrated macro-financial risk-based approach to the stressed capital requirement," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 86-98.

    Cited by:

    1. Timo Dimitriadis & Xiaochun Liu & Julie Schnaitmann, 2020. "Encompassing Tests for Value at Risk and Expected Shortfall Multi-Step Forecasts based on Inference on the Boundary," Papers 2009.07341, arXiv.org.

  8. Liu, Xiaochun, 2017. "Measuring systemic risk with regime switching in tails," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 55-72.

    Cited by:

    1. Nevrla, Matěj, 2020. "Systemic risk in European financial and energy sectors: Dynamic factor copula approach," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 44(4).
    2. Ben Ameur, Hachmi & Jawadi, Fredj & Jawadi, Nabila & Cheffou, Abdoulkarim Idi, 2020. "Assessing downside and upside risk spillovers across conventional and socially responsible stock markets," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 200-210.
    3. Badarau, Cristina & Lapteacru, Ion, 2020. "Bank risk, competition and bank connectedness with firms: A literature review," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 51(C).
    4. Paolella, Marc S. & Polak, Paweł & Walker, Patrick S., 2019. "Regime switching dynamic correlations for asymmetric and fat-tailed conditional returns," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 213(2), pages 493-515.
    5. Van Cauwenberge, Annelies & Vancauteren, Mark & Braekers, Roel & Vandemaele, Sigrid, 2019. "International trade, foreign direct investments, and firms’ systemic risk : Evidence from the Netherlands," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 361-386.
    6. Zhang, Ailian & Pan, Mengmeng & Liu, Bai & Weng, Yin-Che, 2020. "Systemic risk: The coordination of macroprudential and monetary policies in China," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 415-429.
    7. Fenghua Wen & Kaiyan Weng & Wei-Xing Zhou, 2020. "Measuring the contribution of Chinese financial institutions to systemic risk: an extended asymmetric CoVaR approach," Risk Management, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 22(4), pages 310-337, December.
    8. Adnan Safi & Xianrong Yi & Salman Wahab & Yingying Chen & Hassan Hassan, 2021. "CEO overconfidence, firm-specific factors, and systemic risk: evidence from China," Risk Management, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 23(1), pages 30-47, June.
    9. You, Yu & Liu, Xiaochun, 2020. "Forecasting short-run exchange rate volatility with monetary fundamentals: A GARCH-MIDAS approach," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 116(C).
    10. Li, Xindan & Yu, Honghai & Fang, Libing & Xiong, Cheng, 2019. "Do firm-level factors play forward-looking role for financial systemic risk: Evidence from China," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 57(C).

  9. Anatolyev, Stanislav & Gospodinov, Nikolay & Jamali, Ibrahim & Liu, Xiaochun, 2017. "Foreign exchange predictability and the carry trade: A decomposition approach," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 199-211.

    Cited by:

    1. Stanislav Anatolyev, 2021. "Directional news impact curve," Journal of Forecasting, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 40(1), pages 94-107, January.
    2. Qian Zhang & Kuo-Jui Wu & Ming-Lang Tseng, 2019. "Exploring Carry Trade and Exchange Rate toward Sustainable Financial Resources: An application of the Artificial Intelligence UKF Method," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(12), pages 1-26, June.
    3. Lumengo Bonga-Bonga & Tebogo Maake, 2021. "The Relationship between Carry Trade and Asset Markets in South Africa," Journal of Risk and Financial Management, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 14(7), pages 1-13, July.
    4. Jamali, Ibrahim & Yamani, Ehab, 2019. "Out-of-sample exchange rate predictability in emerging markets: Fundamentals versus technical analysis," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 241-263.

  10. Xiaochun Liu, 2016. "Markov switching quantile autoregression," Statistica Neerlandica, Netherlands Society for Statistics and Operations Research, vol. 70(4), pages 356-395, November.
    See citations under working paper version above.
  11. Frazier, David T. & Liu, Xiaochun, 2016. "A new approach to risk-return trade-off dynamics via decomposition," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 43-55.

    Cited by:

    1. Stanislav Anatolyev, 2021. "Directional news impact curve," Journal of Forecasting, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 40(1), pages 94-107, January.
    2. Suzanne G. M. Fifield & David G. McMillan & Fiona J. McMillan, 2020. "Is there a risk and return relation?," The European Journal of Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 26(11), pages 1075-1101, July.
    3. Liu, Jingzhen, 2019. "Impacts of lagged returns on the risk-return relationship of Chinese aggregate stock market: Evidence from different data frequencies," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 243-257.
    4. Liu, Xiaochun, 2017. "Unfolded risk-return trade-offs and links to Macroeconomic Dynamics," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 1-19.
    5. Ma, Chaoqun & Mi, Xianhua & Cai, Zongwu, 2020. "Nonlinear and time-varying risk premia," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 62(C).
    6. Xiaochun Liu, 2018. "Structural Volatility Impulse Response Function and Asymptotic Inference," Journal of Financial Econometrics, Society for Financial Econometrics, vol. 16(2), pages 316-339.
    7. Liu, Xiaochun, 2017. "Can macroeconomic dynamics explain the time variation of risk–return trade-offs in the U.S. financial market?," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 275-293.
    8. Yang, Minxian, 2019. "The risk return relationship: Evidence from index returns and realised variances," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 1-1.

  12. Liu, Xiaochun, 2015. "Modeling time-varying skewness via decomposition for out-of-sample forecast," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 296-311.
    See citations under working paper version above.
  13. Liu, Xiaochun & Luger, Richard, 2015. "Unfolded GARCH models," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 186-217.

    Cited by:

    1. Stanislav Anatolyev, 2021. "Directional news impact curve," Journal of Forecasting, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 40(1), pages 94-107, January.
    2. Xiaochun Liu, 2017. "An integrated macro‐financial risk‐based approach to the stressed capital requirement," Review of Financial Economics, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 34(1), pages 86-98, September.
    3. Liu, Xiaochun, 2019. "On tail fatness of macroeconomic dynamics," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 62(C).
    4. Stanislav Anatolyev & Nikolay Gospodinov, 2019. "Multivariate Return Decomposition: Theory and Implications," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(5), pages 487-508, May.
    5. Simon Lalancette & Jean†Guy Simonato, 2017. "The Role of the Conditional Skewness and Kurtosis in VIX Index Valuation," European Financial Management, European Financial Management Association, vol. 23(2), pages 325-354, March.
    6. Liu, Xiaochun, 2017. "Unfolded risk-return trade-offs and links to Macroeconomic Dynamics," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 1-19.
    7. Xiaochun Liu, 2018. "Structural Volatility Impulse Response Function and Asymptotic Inference," Journal of Financial Econometrics, Society for Financial Econometrics, vol. 16(2), pages 316-339.
    8. Liu, Xiaochun, 2017. "Can macroeconomic dynamics explain the time variation of risk–return trade-offs in the U.S. financial market?," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 275-293.
    9. You, Yu & Liu, Xiaochun, 2020. "Forecasting short-run exchange rate volatility with monetary fundamentals: A GARCH-MIDAS approach," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 116(C).

  14. Jacobsen, Brian J. & Liu, Xiaochun, 2008. "China's segmented stock market: An application of the conditional international capital asset pricing model," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 9(3), pages 153-173, September.

    Cited by:

    1. Antonio Diez de los Rios, 2007. "Exchange Rate Regimes, Globalisation, and the Cost of Capital in Emerging Markets," Staff Working Papers 07-29, Bank of Canada.
    2. Huang, Lin & Wu, Jia & Zhang, Rui, 2014. "Exchange risk and asset returns: A theoretical and empirical study of an open economy asset pricing model," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 21(C), pages 96-116.
    3. Korkmaz, Turhan & Cevik, Emrah Ismail & Gurkan, Serhan, 2010. "Testing the international capital asset pricing model with Markov switching model in emerging markets," MPRA Paper 71481, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2010.
    4. Lehkonen, Heikki, 2010. "Bubbles in China," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 113-117, March.

More information

Research fields, statistics, top rankings, if available.

Statistics

Access and download statistics for all items

NEP Fields

NEP is an announcement service for new working papers, with a weekly report in each of many fields. This author has had 6 papers announced in NEP. These are the fields, ordered by number of announcements, along with their dates. If the author is listed in the directory of specialists for this field, a link is also provided.
  1. NEP-RMG: Risk Management (4) 2011-12-13 2014-05-17 2020-10-26 2020-11-23
  2. NEP-FOR: Forecasting (3) 2015-11-01 2020-10-26 2020-11-23
  3. NEP-ECM: Econometrics (2) 2014-05-17 2020-10-26
  4. NEP-BAN: Banking (1) 2014-05-17
  5. NEP-ETS: Econometric Time Series (1) 2014-05-17
  6. NEP-MAC: Macroeconomics (1) 2014-05-17
  7. NEP-OPM: Open Economy Macroeconomics (1) 2015-11-01
  8. NEP-ORE: Operations Research (1) 2020-11-23

Corrections

All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. For general information on how to correct material on RePEc, see these instructions.

To update listings or check citations waiting for approval, Xiaochun Liu should log into the RePEc Author Service.

To make corrections to the bibliographic information of a particular item, find the technical contact on the abstract page of that item. There, details are also given on how to add or correct references and citations.

To link different versions of the same work, where versions have a different title, use this form. Note that if the versions have a very similar title and are in the author's profile, the links will usually be created automatically.

Please note that most corrections can take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.