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Social Panorama of Latin America 2011

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  • ECLAC
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  • -
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    For Social Panorama of Latin America, the main challenge is to foster a more in-depth examination of social gaps and the mechanisms that reproduce or decrease them. The previous edition of Social Panorama homed in on inequality gaps and their intergenerational reproduction and paid particular attention to the formative years of individuals, their transition to adult life and the role of social expenditure and transfers in meeting the needs of new generations during their early years. It showed how the life cycle path is determined by differences in skill development and how inequality and poverty become entrenched as people move from one stage of life to the next. The 2011 edition of Social Panorama of Latin America takes a more in-depth look at the chain that produces and reproduces social gaps; it addresses other spheres as well. It focuses on how structural heterogeneity (productivity gaps in the national economies), labour segmentation and gaps in social protection are linked along the chain. Demographic factors such as fertility differentiated by education and income level are discussed, as are more specific patterns of risk and exclusion like those impacting young people in the Caribbean.These gaps make for an ambivalent scenario in the region, combining structural tendencies that reinforce them with recent, favourable developments that open new possibilities for advancing towards less unequal societies with broader access to well-being. Poverty and inequality are decreasing in the region; the main reasons are, first, rising labour income and, second, increasing public transfers to the most vulnerable sectors. But the productive gaps are still rigid, and there is still little mobility for specific groups in low-productivity sectors (especially women in lower-income socioeconomic groups) whose income has not increased. Fertility is declining substantially and can mean greater possibilities for well-being among families with fewer dependents.

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    File URL: http://repositorio.cepal.org/handle/11362/1243
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    This book is provided by Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL) in its series Panorama Social de América Latina with number 1243 and published in 2012.
    ISBN: 9789210210874 (Impreso)
    Handle: RePEc:ecr:col010:1243
    Note: Includes bibliography
    Contact details of provider: Postal:
    Casilla 179-D, Santiago

    Fax: (56-2) 2210 2337
    Web page: http://www.cepal.org
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    1. World Bank & United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2007. "Crime, Violence, and Development : Trends, Costs, and Policy Options in the Caribbean," World Bank Other Operational Studies 7687, The World Bank.
    2. Margaret E. Greene & Ann E. Biddlecom, 2000. "Absent and Problematic Men: Demographic Accounts of Male Reproductive Roles," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 26(1), pages 81-115.
    3. Barro, Robert J. & Lee, Jong Wha, 2013. "A new data set of educational attainment in the world, 1950–2010," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 184-198.
    4. Vito Tanzi, 2008. "The role of the state and public finance in the next generation," OECD Journal on Budgeting, OECD Publishing, vol. 8(2), pages 1-27.
    5. Esping-Andersen, Gosta, 1999. "Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198742005.
    6. Uthoff, Andras & Ruedi, Nora & Vera, Cecilia, 2006. "Relación de dependencia del trabajo formal y brechas de protección social en América Latina y el Caribe," Copublicaciones, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), number 1954.
    7. Tanzi, Vito, 2008. "The role of the state and public finance in the next generation," Seminarios y Conferencias 7107, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    8. Maurizio, Roxana, 2010. "Enfoque de género en las instituciones laborales y las políticas del mercado de trabajo en América Latina," Macroeconomía del Desarrollo 104, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    9. Ali, Mohamed M. & Cleland, John, 2005. "Sexual and reproductive behaviour among single women aged 15-24 in eight Latin American countries: a comparative analysis," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 60(6), pages 1175-1185, March.
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