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L'État-providence en Europe – Performance et dumping social

  • Lefebvre, Mathieu
  • Pestieau, Pierre

Cet opuscule propose une mesure de la performance des États-providence européens fondée sur la manière dont ils traitent des inégalités sociales, de santé, d’emploi et d’éducation. Cette mesure permet de comparer la performance des pays de l’Europe des quinze avec celle des douze nouveaux membres ; elle donne aussi la possibilité de tester l’hypothèse d’un éventuel dumping social à l’œuvre dans ces pays ; enfin elle peut être utilisée pour mieux appréhender la façon dont les différents États européens prennent en charge les personnes âgées. Sans surprise, les pays nordiques présentent les meilleurs scores. En revanche, l’entrée des douze nouveaux membres a eu un effet contrasté. Certains, telles la République Tchèque ou la Slovénie, font aussi bien que les meilleurs de l’Europe des quinze, alors que d’autres, la Roumanie et la Bulgarie en particulier, sont à la traîne. On n’y observe pas de dumping social et, en dépit de l’augmentation du taux de dépendance, le bien-être des personnes âgées n’y a pas progressé au cours de la dernière décennie.

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This book is provided by CEPREMAP in its series Opuscules du CEPREMAP with number 29 and published in 2012.
ISBN: 978-2-7288-0484-9
Handle: RePEc:cpm:opuscl:29
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References listed on IDEAS
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  1. André Sapir, 2006. "Globalisation and the reform of European social models," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/8112, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  2. Dormont, Brigitte, 2010. "Les dépenses de santé : une augmentation salutaire ?," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/3865, Paris Dauphine University.
  3. António Afonso & Ludger Schuknecht & Vito Tanzi, 2006. "Public Sector Efficiency: Evidence for New EU Member States and Emerging Markets," Working Papers Department of Economics 2006/01, ISEG - School of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, University of Lisbon.
  4. Laurens Cherchye & Wim Moesen & Tom Puyenbroeck, 2004. "Legitimately Diverse, yet Comparable: On Synthesizing Social Inclusion Performance in the EU," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 42(5), pages 919-955, December.
  5. Afonso, Antonio & St. Aubyn, Miguel, 2006. "Cross-country efficiency of secondary education provision: A semi-parametric analysis with non-discretionary inputs," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 476-491, May.
  6. Ragot, Xavier, 2012. "Les banques centrales dans la tempête — Pour un nouveau mandat de stabilité financière," Opuscules du CEPREMAP, CEPREMAP, number 25, December.
  7. Arrondel, Luc & Masson, André, 2011. "L'épargnant dans un monde en crise — Ce qui a changé," Opuscules du CEPREMAP, CEPREMAP, number 23, December.
  8. Dumas, Christelle & Lambert, Sylvie, 2008. "Le travail des enfants : quelles politiques pour quels résultats ?," Opuscules du CEPREMAP, CEPREMAP, number 11, December.
  9. Gilles Duranton & Philippe Martin & Thierry Mayer & Florian Mayneris, 2008. "Les pôles de compétitivité : que peut-on en attendre?," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/6rdpfcd6cas, Sciences Po.
  10. Hairault, Jean-Olivier & Langot, François & Sopraseuth, Thepthida, 2008. "Pour une retraite choisie : l'emploi des seniors," Opuscules du CEPREMAP, CEPREMAP, number 12, December.
  11. Martin, Philippe & Mayer, Thierry & Thoenig, Mathias, 2006. "La mondialisation est-elle un facteur de paix ?," Opuscules du CEPREMAP, CEPREMAP, number 03, December.
  12. Afonso, António & Schuknecht, Ludger & Tanzi, Vito, 2003. "Public sector efficiency: an international comparison," Working Paper Series 0242, European Central Bank.
  13. Sudhir Anand and Amartya Sen, 1994. "Human development Index: Methodology and Measurement," Human Development Occasional Papers (1992-2007) HDOCPA-1994-02, Human Development Report Office (HDRO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
  14. Tim Coelli & Mathieu Lefebvre & Pierre Pestieau, 2009. "On the convergence of social protection performance in the European Union," CREPP Working Papers 0903, Centre de Recherche en Economie Publique et de la Population (CREPP) (Research Center on Public and Population Economics) HEC-Management School, University of Liège.
  15. Mathieu LEFEBVRE & Sergio PERELMAN & Pierre PESTIEAU, 2011. "La performance de l’Etat-providence européen. Quel enseignement pour la Belgique ?," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 93, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  16. Bozio, Antoine & Piketty, Thomas, 2008. "Pour un nouveau système de retraite : des comptes individuels de cotisations financés par répartition," Opuscules du CEPREMAP, CEPREMAP, number 14, December.
  17. Schubert, Katheline, 2009. "Pour la taxe carbone : la politique économique face à la menace climatique," Opuscules du CEPREMAP, CEPREMAP, number 18, December.
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