Moroccans' Assimilation In Spain: Family-Based Versus Labor-Based Migration
An important immigration policy question is to identify the best criteria to select among potential migrants. At least two methodological problems arise: The host country's immigration policy regime's endogeneity and immigrants' unobserved heterogeneity. To address the first problem, we focus on a country with an unprecedented immigration boom that lets immigrants freely into the country, for example Spain. To address the second problem, we focus on a large and homogenous group of immigrants: Moroccans. Using the 2007 Encuesta Nacional de Immigración (ENI), we find that family-based immigrants are less likely to work than their labor-based counterparts both upon their arrival and ten years later. This conclusion was made by focusing on a very homogenous group of migrants (Moroccans) who tend to be low-skilled, and after controlling for the migrants' self-selection with employment history prior to and at arrival. Our Heckman-corrected estimates highlight that there are no monthly earnings differences by reason of arrival, and that failure to correct for labor force participation strongly biases these results.
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Volume (Year): 03 (2011)
Issue (Month): 02 ()
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