IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Particulate Matter Air Pollution Reduction Scenarios In Osaka, Houston, Bangkok And Seoul: A Prospective Health Benefits Analysis

Listed author(s):


    (Department of Urban and Environmental Engineering, Kyoto University, 5109 Lansdowne Drive, Durham, NC 27712, USA)



    (Environmental Engineering & Management, School of Environment, Resources and Development, Asian Institute of Technology, P. O. Box 4, Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand)


    (Environmental Engineering & Management, School of Environment, Resources and Development, Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand)


    (Department of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Korea)


    (Department of General Science, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand)


    (Department of Urban and Environmental Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Japan)


    (Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand)

Registered author(s):

    The objectives of this study were to assess potential health and productivity benefits for the year 2010 with five scenarios for reducing particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5) air pollution in the cities of Osaka, Houston, Bangkok and Seoul. Assuming a uniform 10% decline in ambient PM levels, the preventible cases of: (1) premature mortality ranged from 35 in Houston to 379 in Seoul, (2) chronic bronchitis ranged from 95 in Houston to 1,631 in Seoul, (3) cardiovascular disease ranged from 68 in Houston to 818 in Seoul, (4) pneumonia ranged from 28 in Houston to 336 in Seoul, (5) asthma attacks ranged from 388 in Osaka to 96,876 in Seoul, and (6) acute bronchitis ranged from 186 in Houston to 2,973 in Seoul. The per million population central estimate of the purchasing power parity adjusted value of health and productivity benefits ranged from $25 million in Bangkok to $160 million in Osaka. There was a wide variability in measured PM10 levels across cities. Percentages of active monitors reporting concentrations above 50 μg/m3 (annual average) or 150 μg/m3 (24-hour average) in 2001–2002 were 0% in Houston, 5% in Osaka, 33% in Bangkok and 92% in Seoul. Assuming a non-uniform reduction in PM only at concentration hotspots with levels above air quality standards, the number of preventible cases of mortality ranged from 0 in Houston to 1,104 in Seoul. The central estimate of total benefits ranged from $0 in Houston to $240 million in Seoul.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.

    Article provided by World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd. in its journal Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management.

    Volume (Year): 10 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 03 ()
    Pages: 265-289

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:wsi:jeapmx:v:10:y:2008:i:03:p:265-289
    Contact details of provider: Web page:

    Order Information: Email:

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wsi:jeapmx:v:10:y:2008:i:03:p:265-289. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Tai Tone Lim)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.