A Rise Of China And The Japanese Economy: Evidence From Macro- And Firm-Level Micro-Data
After prolonged recessions, the Japanese economy had recovered in the first half of the 2000s and recorded sustained growth until summer 2007. The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of international trade with China for the recovery of Japanese firms in the 2000s from both macro- and micro-perspectives. Using aggregated data, Vector Autoregression suggests that the increased exports to China had a strong positive impact on Japanese manufacturing production but had insignificant impact on small firms and non-manufacturing production during the last decade. It also shows that the increased imports from China had no significant impact on Japanese production. However, using firm-level data, we find that various connections with China improved performance of small- and medium-size firms in manufacturing industry and in wholesale and retail industries. In the micro-level, the imports from China improved growth of sales in manufacturing firms and both profits and growth of sales in wholesale and retail industries since the early 2000s. The exports to China, which had no significant impact in the early 2000s, came to improve both profits and growth of sales of Japanese firms after the mid-2000s. However, not all connections with China had beneficial impacts on the small- and medium-size firms. The micro-findings suggest that the increased dependence on China had highly heterogeneous impacts on Japanese firms in the 2000s.
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Volume (Year): 01 (2012)
Issue (Month): 01 ()
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