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Chinese Foreign Direct Investments In Latin America And Their Influence On Chinese-Brazilian Economic Relations

  • Marta Czarnecka-Gallas


    (Warsaw School of Economics)

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    For many decades Chinese foreign direct investments in Latin America were not a subject of academic research or political debate. However, thanks to China’s fast economic growth, huge saving rate and national reserves, the country plays a more and more important role not only in global trade, being the world’s biggest exporter, but also in international investment scene by increasing the number and volume of its overseas businesses. Chinese FDIs in Latin America, although not as controversial as those in Africa, have registered a steady growth and seem to be both a chance and a threat for Latin American states. The scale and structure of FDI still remain relatively poor but the situation in the last years, especially 2009-2010 shows a significant change. Huge amount of Chinese FDI go to Brazil, which is also the recipient of the biggest Chinese single overseas business project (Porto do Aço). As far as Brazilian-Chinese bilateral economic relations are concerned, the complementarity of countries’ economies gives hope of beneficial cooperation, but at the same time poses a threat on Brazil of being vulnerable to externalities and losing manufacturing advantage in exports. Moreover, Chinese presence in Latin America means not only counterbalance to the influence of the USA but also undermines Brazilian position in the region. Methodology: The author combines quantitative and qualitative data analysis. Data used for the purpose of the article come mainly from UNCTAD statistics on-line, statistics of Chinese Ministry of Commerce, CIA Factbook. Moreover, the author makes use of desk research and literature review.

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    Article provided by Polskie Towarzystwo Ekonomiczne Oddzial w Toruniu, Wydzial Nauk Ekonomicznych i Zarzadzania UMK in its journal Oeconomia Copernicana.

    Volume (Year): 1 (2012)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages: 49-71

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    Handle: RePEc:tru:umkoec:2012:v1:p:49-71
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    1. Barbi, Fernando Carvalhaes & Brito, Marcio Holland de, 2010. "China na América Latina : uma análise da perspectiva dos investimentos diretos estrangeiros," Textos para discussão 247, Escola de Economia de São Paulo, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
    2. Leamer, E.E., 1995. "The Heckscher-Ohlin Model in Theory and Practice," Princeton Studies in International Economics 77, International Economics Section, Departement of Economics Princeton University,.
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