Has Work-Sharing Worked In Germany?
Starting in 1985, (West) German unions began to reduce standard hours on an industry-by-industry basis, in an attempt to raise employment. Whether this ''work-sharing'' works is theoretically ambiguous. I exploit the cross-industry variation in standard hours reductions to examine their impact on actual hours worked, wages, and employment. Analysis of industry-level data suggests that ''work-sharing'' may have reduced employment in the period 1984-1994. Using individual data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, I substantiate the union claim of ''full wage compensation:'' the hourly wage rose enough to offset the decline in actual hours worked. © 2000 the President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Volume (Year): 114 (1999)
Issue (Month): 1 (February)
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