Economic Growth and the Environment
The authors examine the reduced-form relationship between per capita income and various environmental indicators. Their study covers four types of indicators: urban air pollution, the state of the oxygen regime in river basins, fecal contamination of river basins, and contamination of river basins by heavy metals. The authors find no evidence that environmental quality deteriorates steadily with economic growth. Rather, for most indicators, economic growth brings an initial phase of deterioration followed by a subsequent phase of improvement. The turning points for the different pollutants vary but in most cases they come before a country reaches a per capita income of $8,000. Copyright 1995, the President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Volume (Year): 110 (1995)
Issue (Month): 2 (May)
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- Selden Thomas M. & Song Daqing, 1994. "Environmental Quality and Development: Is There a Kuznets Curve for Air Pollution Emissions?," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 147-162, September.
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