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The impact of trade liberalization on employment, capital, and productivity dynamics: evidence from the uruguayan manufacturing sector

  • Carlos Casacuberta
  • Gabriela Fachola
  • Nestor Gandelman

This paper studies the impact of trade liberalization on labor and capital gross flows and productivity in the Uruguayan Manufacturing Sector. Higher international exposure implied a slightly higher job creation, an important increase in job and capital destruction, and an increase in productivity. Unions dampened these effects. Although not associated with higher creation rates, unions were effective in reducing job and capital destruction but they also reduced productivity growth. Industry concentration mitigated the destruction of jobs but had no effects on job creation or in capital and productivity dynamics.

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Journal of Economic Policy Reform.

Volume (Year): 7 (2004)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 225-248

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Handle: RePEc:taf:jpolrf:v:7:y:2004:i:4:p:225-248
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