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Does public capital crowd-out or crowd-in private capital in India?


  • Tarlok Singh


This study examines the long-run effects of public capital on private capital and tests the null of Granger non-causality between public and private capital in India. Both single-equation and system estimates of the model consistently suggest the long-run crowding-in effects of public capital. The error-correction as well as over-parameterized level-VAR models consistently suggest uni-directional Granger-causality from public to private capital. The support for the significant crowding-in effects of public capital has important implications for the formulation of long-term growth and development strategies. It underlines the need to accelerate public infrastructure to induce the distortions-free and market-driven increases in private capital and to attract the inflow of foreign direct investment. The inflows of foreign capital have witnessed perceptible increases since the beginning of the 1990s. The geographical and sectoral distributions of FDI inflows remain asymmetric and skewed in favor of the select regions and the services industries. The services-sector-led growth needs to be accompanied by the commensurate performance of the goods-producing, agricultural and industrial, sectors so as to sustain the escalated trajectory of economic growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Tarlok Singh, 2012. "Does public capital crowd-out or crowd-in private capital in India?," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(2), pages 109-133, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jpolrf:v:15:y:2012:i:2:p:109-133
    DOI: 10.1080/17487870.2012.668767

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Davidson, Russell & MacKinnon, James G., 1993. "Estimation and Inference in Econometrics," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195060119.
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