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Economic growth in India: the role of physical and social infrastructure


  • Ranjan Ku Dash
  • Pravakar Sahoo


We investigate the role of physical and social infrastructure in economic growth in India after controlling for other important variables such as investment, labour force, and trade, using the Two-Stage Least Squares (TSLS) and Dynamic Ordinary Least Squares (DOLS) techniques, for the period 1970 to 2006. In this context we develop a composite index of physical infrastructure stocks and examine its impact on output. We find that physical and social infrastructures have a significant positive impact on output apart from gross domestic capital formation and international trade. Further, the causality analysis supports the results, revealing unidirectional causality from infrastructure development and human capital to output growth in India.

Suggested Citation

  • Ranjan Ku Dash & Pravakar Sahoo, 2010. "Economic growth in India: the role of physical and social infrastructure," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(4), pages 373-385.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jpolrf:v:13:y:2010:i:4:p:373-385
    DOI: 10.1080/17487870.2010.523980

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    Cited by:

    1. O. Owolabi-Merus, 2015. "Infrastructure Development and Economic Growth Nexus in Nigeria," International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, vol. 5(1), pages 376-382, January.
    2. Pravakar Sahoo & Ranjan Kumar Dash & Geethanjali Nataraj, 2012. "China¡¯S Growth Story: The Role Of Physical And Social Infrastructure," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 37(1), pages 53-75, March.

    More about this item


    India; infrastructure; output; TSLS and DOLS;


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