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India needs sanitation policy reform to enhance public health


  • Govindasamy Agoramoorthy
  • Minna Hsu


We investigate the impact of 100 newly built toilets in villages across Dahod District (Gujarat State, India) by a non-government agency during 2005-2007. The toilets significantly reduced not only the cost of medical treatments but also the loss of wages induced by sanitation-related diseases. Money saved from sanitation illnesses for one person for a period of two years could cover the cost of a toilet. It costs USD 200 to build a cost-effective toilet, but the Government of India's 25% subsidy since January 2009 covers only USD 50. We recommend increasing the subsidy for toilets so that future health care to treat sanitation illnesses can be significantly reduced.

Suggested Citation

  • Govindasamy Agoramoorthy & Minna Hsu, 2009. "India needs sanitation policy reform to enhance public health," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(4), pages 333-342.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jpolrf:v:12:y:2009:i:4:p:333-342
    DOI: 10.1080/17487870903314625

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    Cited by:

    1. Brijesh C. Purohit, 2015. "Impact of Water and Sanitation on Selected Water Borne Diseases in India," Working Papers 2015-117, Madras School of Economics,Chennai,India.

    More about this item


    sanitation reform; toilet; society; health; economy; India;


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