India needs sanitation policy reform to enhance public health
We investigate the impact of 100 newly built toilets in villages across Dahod District (Gujarat State, India) by a non-government agency during 2005-2007. The toilets significantly reduced not only the cost of medical treatments but also the loss of wages induced by sanitation-related diseases. Money saved from sanitation illnesses for one person for a period of two years could cover the cost of a toilet. It costs USD 200 to build a cost-effective toilet, but the Government of India's 25% subsidy since January 2009 covers only USD 50. We recommend increasing the subsidy for toilets so that future health care to treat sanitation illnesses can be significantly reduced.
Volume (Year): 12 (2009)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
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