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Do politics matter? The influence of political and institutional variables on social protection spending in the European Union


  • Jesus Alsasua
  • Javier Bilbao-Ubillos
  • Jon Olaskoaga


This paper analyses the potential role of per capita income, the socio-demographic characteristics of the population, and political, institutional and cultural elements as explanatory variables of the level of social protection provided in European countries. The ultimate objective is to test whether political and institutional aspects specific to member states are significant in explaining the differences between national social expenditure levels in different European Union (EU) member states. The empirical study focuses on the period from 1985 to 1999.

Suggested Citation

  • Jesus Alsasua & Javier Bilbao-Ubillos & Jon Olaskoaga, 2009. "Do politics matter? The influence of political and institutional variables on social protection spending in the European Union," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(3), pages 235-242.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jpolrf:v:12:y:2009:i:3:p:235-242 DOI: 10.1080/17487870903105585

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Gustavo Yamada, 2006. "Retornos a la educación superior en el mercado laboral: ¿Vale la pena el esfuerzo?," Working Papers 06-13, Centro de Investigación, Universidad del Pacífico.
    2. Barro, Robert J & Lee, Jong-Wha, 2001. "International Data on Educational Attainment: Updates and Implications," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 53(3), pages 541-563, July.
    3. Francois Bourguignon & Francisco H.G. Ferreira & Nora Lustig, 2005. "The Microeconomics of Income Distribution Dynamics in East Asia and Latin America," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 14844.
    4. Gustavo Yamada & Juan Francisco Castro, 2007. "Poverty, inequality, and social policies in Peru: As poor as it gets," Working Papers 07-06, Centro de Investigación, Universidad del Pacífico.
    5. Juan F. Castro & Gustavo Yamada, 2006. "Evaluación de estrategias de desarrollo para alcanzar los objetivos del milenio en América Latina," Working Papers 06-11, Centro de Investigación, Universidad del Pacífico.
    6. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
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