World Bank Trade Adjustment Loans and Export Policy Distortions
This work investigates whether World Bank loans fostering trade liberalization are associated with less distorted export policies, by employing some gravity model-based measures of anti-export bias, and a Herfindhal index of export revenues concentration. When accounting for non-random selection in a sample of 88 developing countries over the period 1980-2000, the receipt of trade adjustment loans seems to have reduced the policy distortion under scrutiny. Such a beneficial influence, however, vanishes when a longer time horizon is considered, casting doubts on the country ownership of waves of liberalizations supported by the Bank.
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Volume (Year): 10 (2007)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
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