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Vulnerability to the health effects of climate variability in rural southwestern Uganda

Author

Listed:
  • Jolène Labbé

    () (McGill University)

  • James D Ford

    (McGill University)

  • Lea Berrang-Ford

    (McGill University)

  • Blanaid Donnelly

    (McGill University)

  • Shuaib Lwasa

    (Makerere University)

  • Didacus Bambaiha Namanya

    (Ministry of Health)

  • Sabastian Twesigomwe

    (Kellerman Foundation in Bwindi)

  • Sherilee L Harper

    (University of Guelph)

Abstract

Abstract Vulnerability to the health impacts of climate change will be shaped by the existing burden of ill- health and is expected to be highest in poor and socio-economically marginalized populations. Sub-Saharan Africa, in particular, is considered a highly vulnerable region. This paper analyses the vulnerability and adaptive capacity of rural Bakiga communities in southwestern Uganda to climate-sensitive health risks. The objectives were threefold: i) identify key climate-sensitive, community-identified health priorities; ii) describe and characterize determinants of sensitivity to these health priorities at the individual, community and regional levels; and iii) assess the adaptive capacity of Bakiga. Data collection employed a combination of individual and key informant interviews, biographies, future storylines, and Photovoice. Three key health risks were identified by the study communities (malaria, food insecurity, and gastrointestinal illnesses) – all affected by local climatic and environmental conditions, livelihoods, land use changes, and socio-economic conditions. Adaptation within these communities is dependent on their capacity to reduce sensitivities to identified health challenges among the potential of increasing exposures. Crop diversification, reducing deforestation, expanding of livestock rearing, transfer of traditional knowledge, and access to affordable health services are among potential strategies identified. We demonstrate significant existing vulnerabilities to present day climate-related health risks and highlight the importance of non-climatic processes and local conditions in creating sensitivity to health risks. Our place-based understanding is useful to inform interventions or policies aimed to reduce exposure and sensitivity and support adaptive capacity as the conditions these communities face are consistent with many other sub-Saharan African countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Jolène Labbé & James D Ford & Lea Berrang-Ford & Blanaid Donnelly & Shuaib Lwasa & Didacus Bambaiha Namanya & Sabastian Twesigomwe & Sherilee L Harper, 2016. "Vulnerability to the health effects of climate variability in rural southwestern Uganda," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 21(6), pages 931-953, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:masfgc:v:21:y:2016:i:6:d:10.1007_s11027-015-9635-2
    DOI: 10.1007/s11027-015-9635-2
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. I. Hofmeijer & J. Ford & L. Berrang-Ford & C. Zavaleta & C. Carcamo & E. Llanos & C. Carhuaz & V. Edge & S. Lwasa & D. Namanya, 2013. "Community vulnerability to the health effects of climate change among indigenous populations in the Peruvian Amazon: a case study from Panaillo and Nuevo Progreso," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 18(7), pages 957-978, October.
    2. Santosh, Kumar & Sebastian, Vollmer, 2011. "Does improved sanitation reduce diarrhea in children in rural India?," MPRA Paper 31804, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Berrang-Ford, Lea & Dingle, Kathryn & Ford, James D. & Lee, Celine & Lwasa, Shuaib & Namanya, Didas B. & Henderson, Jim & Llanos, Alejandro & Carcamo, Cesar & Edge, Victoria, 2012. "Vulnerability of indigenous health to climate change: A case study of Uganda's Batwa Pygmies," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 75(6), pages 1067-1077.
    4. Lincove, Jane Arnold, 2012. "The influence of price on school enrollment under Uganda's policy of free primary education," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 31(5), pages 799-811.
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