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Subjective Well-Being and Its Association with Subjective Health Status, Age, Sex, Region, and Socio-economic Characteristics in a Chinese Population Study

Author

Listed:
  • Sun Sun

    () (Karolinska Institutet
    Karolinska Institutet
    Stockholm County Council)

  • Jiaying Chen

    () (Nanjing Medical University)

  • Magnus Johannesson

    (Stockholm School of Economics)

  • Paul Kind

    (University of Leeds)

  • Kristina Burström

    (Karolinska Institutet
    Karolinska Institutet
    Stockholm County Council)

Abstract

Abstract This study analyse how subjective well-being (SWB) in a Chinese population varies with subjective health status, age, sex, region and socio-economic characteristics. In the Household Health Survey 2010, face-to-face interviews were carried out in urban and rural counties in eastern, middle and western areas of China (n = 8,000, aged 15–102 years). To measure subjective health status, a global self-rated health question, the EQ-5D descriptive system, and a visual analogue scale of health status was included. To measure SWB, a validated Chinese version of a question on self-reported happiness, adopted from the World Values Survey, was included. SWB increased with socio-economic status (income and education), and was lower among unemployed individuals and divorced individuals. SWB also increased strongly with subjective health status. When health status was divided into different dimensions using the EQ-5D, the anxiety/depression dimension was the most important dimension for SWB. The reported SWB was also higher in rural counties than in urban counties in the same area, after controlling for socio-economic characteristics and subjective health status.

Suggested Citation

  • Sun Sun & Jiaying Chen & Magnus Johannesson & Paul Kind & Kristina Burström, 2016. "Subjective Well-Being and Its Association with Subjective Health Status, Age, Sex, Region, and Socio-economic Characteristics in a Chinese Population Study," Journal of Happiness Studies, Springer, vol. 17(2), pages 833-873, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jhappi:v:17:y:2016:i:2:d:10.1007_s10902-014-9611-7
    DOI: 10.1007/s10902-014-9611-7
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