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The effects of treaty legality and domestic institutional hurdles on environmental treaty ratification

Listed author(s):
  • Gabriele Spilker

    ()

    (University of Salzburg
    ETH Zurich)

  • Vally Koubi

    ()

    (ETH Zurich
    University of Bern)

Registered author(s):

    Abstract We study the effects of treaty design and domestic institutional hurdles on the ratification behavior of states with respect to multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs). Specifically, we examine whether (1) strong legality mandated by a treaty such as precisely stated obligations, strong monitoring/enforcement mechanisms, and dispute resolution procedures, and (2) high domestic constitutional hurdles such as requirements for explicit legislative approval deter countries from ratifying a treaty. To test our theoretical claim, we use a new time-series-cross-sectional dataset that includes information on the ratification behavior of 162 countries with respect to 220 MEAs in 1950–2000. We find that treaties that are characterized as ‘hard’ indeed deter ratification. Furthermore, explicit legislative approval requiring supermajority also makes treaty ratification less likely.

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    File URL: http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10784-014-9255-4
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    Article provided by Springer in its journal International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics.

    Volume (Year): 16 (2016)
    Issue (Month): 2 (April)
    Pages: 223-238

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    Handle: RePEc:spr:ieaple:v:16:y:2016:i:2:d:10.1007_s10784-014-9255-4
    DOI: 10.1007/s10784-014-9255-4
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.springer.com

    Order Information: Web: http://www.springer.com/economics/journal/10784

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