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Identifying the Effects of WIC on Food Insecurity Among Infants and Children

Author

Listed:
  • Brent Kreider

    () (Department of Economics, Iowa State University)

  • John V. Pepper

    () (Department of Economics, University of Virginia)

  • Manan Roy

    () (Department of Public Policy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)

Abstract

The Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Program is considered a crucial component of the social safety net in the United States, yet there is limited supporting evidence on the effects of WIC on the nutritional well-being and food security of infants and young children. Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, we apply recently developed partial identification methods to jointly account for unobserved counterfactual outcomes and systematic underreporting of WIC participation. Under nonparametric assumptions, we find that WIC reduces the prevalence of child food insecurity by at least 3.6 percentage points (20%).

Suggested Citation

  • Brent Kreider & John V. Pepper & Manan Roy, 2016. "Identifying the Effects of WIC on Food Insecurity Among Infants and Children," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 82(4), pages 1106-1122, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:sej:ancoec:v:82:4:y:2016:p:1106-1122
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/soej.12078
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Valizadeh, Pourya & Smith, Travis A., 2018. "Distributional Impacts of WIC on Dietary Quality of Children: Evidence from a Regression Discontinuity Design," 2018 Annual Meeting, August 5-7, Washington, D.C. 273904, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    2. Arteaga, Irma & Heflin, Colleen & Gable, Sara, 2016. "The impact of aging out of WIC on food security in households with children," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 82-96.
    3. repec:oup:apecpp:v:38:y:2016:i:4:p:00-00. is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Hanks, Andrew S. & Gunther, Carolyn & Lillard, Dean & Scharff, Robert L., 2016. "From Paper to Plastic: Understanding the Impact of EBT on WIC Recipient Behavior," 2017 Allied Social Sciences Association (ASSA) Annual Meeting, January 6-8, 2017, Chicago, Illinois 251834, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    5. repec:bla:jconsa:v:51:y:2017:i:3:p:481-500 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:eee:ehbiol:v:28:y:2018:i:c:p:14-22 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:bla:jconsa:v:51:y:2017:i:3:p:598-630 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models

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