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Academic Wage Structure by Gender: The Roles of Peer Review, Performance, and Market Forces


  • Paul S. Carlin

    () (IUPUI Department of Economics, 425 University Boulevard, Indianapolis, IN 46202-5140, USA; corresponding author.)

  • Michael P. Kidd

    () (Queensland University of Technology School of Economics and Finance, QUT Business School, GPO Box 2434, Brisbane QLD 4001, Australia;)

  • Patrick M. Rooney

    () (IUPUI Department of Economics, IU Center on Philanthropy, 425 University Boulevard, Indianapolis, IN 46202-5140, USA;)

  • Brian Denton

    () (IUPUI Department of Economics, 425 University Boulevard, Indianapolis, IN 46202-5140, USA;)


We focus on understanding the role of productivity in determining wage structure differences between men and women in academia. The data arise from a pay equity study carried out in a single midwestern U.S. university over the 1996–1997 academic year. Econometric results confirm that external market forces exert influence over both male and female salary. But peer review ratings play a significant role in male but not female earnings determination, with similar results for objective measures of research, teaching, and service.

Suggested Citation

  • Paul S. Carlin & Michael P. Kidd & Patrick M. Rooney & Brian Denton, 2013. "Academic Wage Structure by Gender: The Roles of Peer Review, Performance, and Market Forces," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 80(1), pages 127-146, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:sej:ancoec:v:80:1:y:2013:p:127-146

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    JEL classification:

    • J3 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs
    • J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination


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