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Risk-Taking Behavior: An Experimental Analysis of Individuals and Dyads

Listed author(s):
  • Cary Deck


    (Department of Economics, University of Arkansas, WCOB 402, Fayetteville AR 72701, USA)

  • Jungmin Lee


    (School of Economics, Sogang University, 1 Sinsu-dong, Mapo-gu, Seoul 121-742, Korea; corresponding author)

  • Javier Reyes


    (Department of Economics, University of Arkansas, WCOB 402, Fayetteville AR 72701, USA)

  • Chris Rosen


    (Department of Management, University of Arkansas, WCOB 407, Fayetteville AR 72701, USA)

The decision to undertake risk is often made by pairs (dyads), while much of the economics literature on risk taking focuses on the individual. We report the results of controlled laboratory experiments that compare behavior between individuals and pairs. Using the Holt and Laury (2002) procedure and a within-subjects design, we find that pair choices are largely consistent with subjects bargaining over the outcome rather than the pairs taking a more extreme stance than the individual members. Further, gender and age but not personality seem to influence relative bargaining weight. We also find that individuals are more willing to take risks after making decisions as part of a pair than beforehand. Both the personality of one's partner and nontask social interaction influence subsequent individual risk-taking behavior.

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Article provided by Southern Economic Association in its journal Southern Economic Journal.

Volume (Year): 79 (2012)
Issue (Month): 2 (October)
Pages: 277-299

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Handle: RePEc:sej:ancoec:v:79:2:y:2012:p:277-299
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