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Two-Way Outsourcing, International Migration, and Wage Inequality

Author

Listed:
  • Morihiro Yomogida

    () (Faculty of Economics, Sophia University, 7-1 Kioi-cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8554, Japan)

  • Laixun Zhao

    () (Research Institute for Economics & Business, Kobe University, Kobe 657-8501, Japan)

Abstract

This article develops a general equilibrium model with a vertical production structure to examine the relationship between offshore outsourcing and international migration, especially emphasizing their effects on the wages of skilled and unskilled workers. Two-way outsourcing (simultaneous insourcing and outsourcing) in skilled-labor–intensive services arises because of product differentiation and scale economies, and outsourcing in unskilled-labor–intensive processing occurs because of factor endowment differences. The tractability of the model allows us to rank outsourcing and migration, according to the wages of both types of workers. Finally, we also analyze under what conditions outsourcing and international migration are complements or substitutes.

Suggested Citation

  • Morihiro Yomogida & Laixun Zhao, 2010. "Two-Way Outsourcing, International Migration, and Wage Inequality," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 77(1), pages 161-180, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:sej:ancoec:v:77:1:y:2010:p:161-180
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.4284/sej.2010.77.1.161
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    JEL classification:

    • F11 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Neoclassical Models of Trade
    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration

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