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Government Expenditures and Revenues: Evidence from Asymmetric Modeling

Author

Listed:
  • Bradley T. Ewing

    () (Texas Tech University)

  • James E. Payne

    () (Department of Economics, Illinois State University)

  • Mark A. Thompson

    () (Institute for Economic Advancement, University of Arkansas at Little Rock)

  • Omar M. Al-Zoubi

    () (Department of Economics, Texas Tech University)

Abstract

In this article, we examine the relationship between U.S. federal revenues and expenditures while relaxing the assumption of a symmetric adjustment process underlying the conventional cointegration and error correction model. Threshold autoregression and momentum threshold autoregression models are used to ascertain the empirical link between the two variables of the budgetary process. Our results suggest that revenues and expenditures are cointegrated and that the adjustment process of the budgetary disequilibrium is asymmetric. The application of the asymmetric error correction model indicates that revenues and expenditures respond to the long-run requirements of the budgetary balance only when the budget is worsening.

Suggested Citation

  • Bradley T. Ewing & James E. Payne & Mark A. Thompson & Omar M. Al-Zoubi, 2006. "Government Expenditures and Revenues: Evidence from Asymmetric Modeling," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 73(1), pages 190-200, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:sej:ancoec:v:73:1:y:2006:p:190-200
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Andrew Phiri, 2018. "How sustainable are fiscal budgets in the Kingdom of Swaziland?," Working Papers 1810, Department of Economics, Nelson Mandela University, revised Mar 2018.
    2. repec:kap:iaecre:v:15:y:2009:i:2:p:143-155 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Andrew T. Young, 2010. "Do US Federal Revenues and Expenditures Respond Asymmetrically to Budgetary Disequilibria?," Working Papers 10-02, Department of Economics, West Virginia University.
    4. Saunoris, James W. & Payne, James E., 2010. "Tax more or spend less? Asymmetries in the UK revenue-expenditure nexus," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 478-487, July.
    5. Luis Gil-Alana, 2009. "Government Expenditures and Revenues: Evidence of Fractional Cointegration in an Asymmetric Modeling," International Advances in Economic Research, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 15(2), pages 143-155, May.
    6. repec:bla:sajeco:v:84:y:2016:i:4:p:520-537 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:asi:ajoerj:2013:p:420-432 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Magazzino, Cosimo, 2010. "Public expenditure and revenue in Italy, 1862-1993," MPRA Paper 27308, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Olalekan Bashir Aworinde, 2013. "The tax-spend nexus in Nigeria: Evidence from Nonlinear Causality," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 33(4), pages 3117-3130.
    10. Phiri, Andrew, 2016. "Asymmetries in the revenue-expenditure nexus: New evidence from South Africa," MPRA Paper 75224, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Kausik Chaudhuri & Bodhisattva Sengupta, 2009. "Revenue-Expenditure Nexus for Southern States: Some Policy Oriented Econometric Observations," Working Papers 2009-048, Madras School of Economics,Chennai,India.
    12. Kambale Kavese & Andrew Phiri, 2018. "Are fiscal budgets sustainable in South Africa? Evidence from provincial level data," Working Papers 1804, Department of Economics, Nelson Mandela University, revised Jan 2018.
    13. Paleologou, Suzanna-Maria, 2013. "Asymmetries in the revenue–expenditure nexus: A tale of three countries," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 52-60.
    14. James Payne & Hassan Mohammadi, 2006. "Are Adjustments in the U.S. Budget Deficit Asymmetric? Another Look at Sustainability," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 34(1), pages 15-22, March.
    15. Trachanas, Emmanouil & Katrakilidis, Constantinos, 2013. "Fiscal deficits under financial pressure and insolvency: Evidence for Italy, Greece and Spain," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 730-749.
    16. Kambale Kavese & Andrew Phiri, 2018. "Are fiscal budgets sustainable in South Africa? Evidence from provincial level data," Working Papers 1804, Department of Economics, Nelson Mandela University, revised Jan 2018.
    17. Kollias, Christos & Papadamou, Stephanos & Psarianos, Iacovos, 2014. "Fiscal imbalances and asymmetric adjustment under Labour and Conservative governments in the UK," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(3), pages 208-213.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E60 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - General
    • H60 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - General
    • H50 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - General
    • H30 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - General

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