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Public Goods, Tax Policies, and Unemployment in LDCs

Author

Listed:
  • Panos Hatzipanayotou

    () (D.I.E.E.S., Athens University of Economics and Business)

  • Michael S. Michael

    () (Department of Economics, University of Cyprus)

Abstract

We build a general equilibrium model of a small open economy characterized by unemployment and producing two privately traded goods and one nontraded public consumption good. The provision of public good is financed with an income tax or an excise tax on the manufactured good or an import tariff. Within this framework, the paper examines the effects of such policies on the country's unemployment ratio and welfare, and it derives the efficiency rules for public good provision for each policy instrument. It shows, among other things, that the private marginal cost of the public good always overstates its social marginal cost in the case of income taxes and may overstate it in the case of an excise tax on the manufactured good or a tariff even if the taxed good and the public good are substitutes in consumption.

Suggested Citation

  • Panos Hatzipanayotou & Michael S. Michael, 2001. "Public Goods, Tax Policies, and Unemployment in LDCs," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 68(1), pages 107-119, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:sej:ancoec:v:68:1:y:2001:p:107-119
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    Cited by:

    1. Michael Haliassos, 2002. "Stockholding: Recent Lessons from Theory and Computations," University of Cyprus Working Papers in Economics 0206, University of Cyprus Department of Economics.
    2. Juergen Huber & Martin Shubik & Shyam Sunder, 2011. "Financing of Public Goods through Taxation in a General Equilibrium Economy: Experimental Evidence," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1830R3, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University, revised Jun 2017.
    3. Hamid Beladi & Chi-Chur Chao & Daniel Hollas, 2013. "Does globalization weaken labor unions in developing countries?," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(4), pages 562-571, June.
    4. Hamid Beladi & Chi-chur Chao & Daniel Hollas, 2011. "Fair wages, Urban Unemployment and Welfare in a Developing Economy," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 31(1), pages 273-285.

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