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The International Exports of American States: An Investigation for Local Spatial Patterns


  • Wu, Chen

    (Black Hills State University)

  • Nsiah, Christian

    (Black Hills State University)

  • Mayer, Walter J.

    (University of Mississippi)


The new economic geography literature has created awareness that geographic locations influence each other. Whereas the effect of proximity between exporting and importing units has been investigated to a great extent, the possible impact that neighboring economic units can have on each other’s trade with other economic units has not received much attention. Neglecting spatial correlation can produce biased estimated coefficients and, consequently, biased estimates of trade, regardless of methodology the latter is based on. Using panel data on the manufacturing exports of the 48 contiguous U.S. states to 24 Asian countries, we empirically test for local spatial linkages in the manufacturing exports of U.S. states to the Asian region. We investigate if spatial linkages are created by geographic, cultural, infrastructural, innovation asset, business environment, and economic development proximities. We find that all proximity weights generate statistically significant spatial linkages.

Suggested Citation

  • Wu, Chen & Nsiah, Christian & Mayer, Walter J., 2010. "The International Exports of American States: An Investigation for Local Spatial Patterns," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 40(3), pages 287-301.
  • Handle: RePEc:rre:publsh:v:40:y:2010:i:3:p:287-301

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    6. Bougheas, Spiros & Demetriades, Panicos O. & Morgenroth, Edgar L. W., 1999. "Infrastructure, transport costs and trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 169-189, February.
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    8. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson & James A. Robinson, 2001. "The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(5), pages 1369-1401, December.
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    More about this item


    Spatial Autoregressive; State Exports; Asian Export Markets; Gravity Model; Panel Data; Fixed Effects;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)


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