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Income Convergence in a Rural, Majority African-American Region


  • Gyawali, Buddhi

    (Center for Forestry and Ecology, AL A&M U)

  • Fraser, Rory

    (Center for Forestry and Ecology, AL A&M U)

  • Bukenya, James

    (AL A&M U)

  • Schelhas, John

    (USDA Forest Services and Tuskegee U)


This paper revisits the issue of income convergence by examining the question of whether poorer census block groups have been catching up with wealthier census block groups over the 1980-2000 period. The dataset consists of 161 census block groups in Alabama's west-central Black Belt region. Estimates of a spatial lag model provide support for the conditional convergence hypothesis and explain roughly 60 percent of the variation in income growth. Income growth was positively and significantly correlated with education and employment, and negatively and significantly correlated with majority African-American population.

Suggested Citation

  • Gyawali, Buddhi & Fraser, Rory & Bukenya, James & Schelhas, John, 2008. "Income Convergence in a Rural, Majority African-American Region," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 38(1), pages 45-65.
  • Handle: RePEc:rre:publsh:v:38:y:2008:i:1:p:45-65

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Sarr, Sait & Gyawali, Buddhi & Banerjee, Swagata Ban, 2015. "Analysis of Participation of Small Farmers in Kentucky Cost-Share Programs," 2015 Annual Meeting, January 31-February 3, 2015, Atlanta, Georgia 196992, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.

    More about this item


    Convergence; Growth; Income; Population; Regions; Rural; Spatial;

    JEL classification:

    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)


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