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Revisiting Tourism Regional Economic Impact: Accounting for Secondary Household Employment


  • Hughes, David W.

    (Clemson U)

  • Shields, Martin

    (CO State U)


Many argue that tourism development is beneficial for local economies, partly because of spillover effects. Others hold that tourism jobs are lower paying, often seasonal, and can generate a host of social ills with earned income concentrated in low-income households. A Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) of a Pennsylvania region is used to test the impacts of tourism businesses supported by the Progress Fund, a regional Community Development Financial Institution, on household income distribution by incorporating secondary and primary employment based income. Analysis indicates that tourism-oriented activity has relatively large contributions to lower and upper as opposed to middle income households.

Suggested Citation

  • Hughes, David W. & Shields, Martin, 2007. "Revisiting Tourism Regional Economic Impact: Accounting for Secondary Household Employment," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 37(2), pages 186-206.
  • Handle: RePEc:rre:publsh:v:37:y:2007:i:2:p:186-206

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. John C. Leatherman & David W. Marcouiller, 1999. "Moving Beyond the Modeling of Regional Economic Growth: A Study of How Income is Distributed to Rural Households," Economic Development Quarterly, , vol. 13(1), pages 38-45, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. Hughes, David W. & Isengildina-Massa, Olga, 2015. "The economic impact of farmers’ markets and a state level locally grown campaign," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 78-84.
    2. repec:eee:touman:v:31:y:2010:i:4:p:482-485 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Amitrajeet Batabyal, 2011. "On optimizing the provision of guided tours to tourists during the slack season," Letters in Spatial and Resource Sciences, Springer, vol. 4(1), pages 63-70, March.

    More about this item


    Distribution; Income; Income Distribution; Middle Income; Regional; Tourism;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population


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