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Spatial Effects of European Integration: Do Border Regions Benefit above Average?

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  • Niebuhr, Annekatrin

    (Institute for Employment Research, Kiel)

Abstract

A basic result of new economic geography (NEG) models is that the proximity to consumer markets impacts wages and employment within regions. The ongoing process of European integration, being targeted on the reduction of barriers to trade and factor mobility, has presumably changed relative market access in Europe. The present paper aims to provide some evidence on spatial effects of integration caused by declining border impediments and changing market potentials. The analysis is based on a three-region economic geography model. We focus on the impact of integration on European internal border regions and the question of whether they realise above average integration benefits. The empirical analysis concerns integration effects in the EU15 regions arising from a reduction of non-tariff and other barriers since the mid 1970s.

Suggested Citation

  • Niebuhr, Annekatrin, 2006. "Spatial Effects of European Integration: Do Border Regions Benefit above Average?," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 36(3), pages 254-278.
  • Handle: RePEc:rre:publsh:v:36:y:2006:i:3:p:254-78
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Keith Head & Thierry Mayer, 2000. "Non-Europe: The magnitude and causes of market fragmentation in the EU," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 136(2), pages 284-314, June.
    2. Marius Brülhart & Matthieu Crozet & Pamina Koenig, 2004. "Enlargement and the EU Periphery: The Impact of Changing Market Potential," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 27(6), pages 853-875, June.
    3. Mion, Giordano, 2004. "Spatial externalities and empirical analysis: the case of Italy," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(1), pages 97-118, July.
    4. Krugman, Paul, 1991. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 483-499, June.
    5. Annekatrin Niebuhr, 2006. "Market access and regional disparities," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 40(2), pages 313-334, June.
    6. Volker Nitsch, 2000. "National borders and international trade: evidence from the European Union," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 33(4), pages 1091-1105, November.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Lefteris Topaloglou & George Petrakos, 2006. "The New Economic Geography of the Northern Greek Border Regions," ERSA conference papers ersa06p456, European Regional Science Association.
    2. Szabolcs Szanyi, 2012. ""A Szatmár-Beregi sík természeti értékei" - Tervezet egy nemzetközi bioszféra rezervátum kialakítására," Eszak-magyarorszagi Strategiai Fuzetek, Faculty of Economics, University of Miskolc, vol. 9(1), pages 56-64.
    3. George Petrakos & Lefteris Topaloglou, 2005. "Tracing the new economic geography of borders in Europe," ERSA conference papers ersa05p424, European Regional Science Association.
    4. Moritz, Michael & Gröger, Margit, 2007. "The German-Czech border region after the fall of the Iron Curtain: Effects on the labour market : an empirical study using the IAB Employment Sample (IABS)," IAB Discussion Paper 200701, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    5. Annekatrin Niebuhr, 2008. "The impact of EU enlargement on European border regions," International Journal of Public Policy, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, pages 163-186.
    6. Tímea Tünde Csetnek, 2012. "Kapacitás-és intézményfejlesztés a román-magyar határ menti övezetben," Eszak-magyarorszagi Strategiai Fuzetek, Faculty of Economics, University of Miskolc, vol. 9(1), pages 104-109.
    7. Eckey, Hans-Friedrich & Türck, Matthias, 2007. "Convergence of EU-Regions. A Literature Report," INVESTIGACIONES REGIONALES - Journal of REGIONAL RESEARCH, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, issue 10, pages 5-32.
    8. András Ricz, 2012. "A határon átívelő programok hatásai Vajdaság területi fejlődésére - az ezeken alapuló területi együttműködések továbbfejlesztésének lehetőségei," Eszak-magyarorszagi Strategiai Fuzetek, Faculty of Economics, University of Miskolc, vol. 9(1), pages 90-103.
    9. Dóra Egervári, 2012. "Határtalan információáramlás? - Az információhoz és dokumentumokhoz való szabad hozzáférés esélye és lehetősége Baranyában és Szlavóniában," Eszak-magyarorszagi Strategiai Fuzetek, Faculty of Economics, University of Miskolc, vol. 9(1), pages 65-74.
    10. Gergő Medve-Bálint & Sara Svensson, 2012. "A helyi önkormányzatok eurorégiókban való részvétele Közép-Európában," Eszak-magyarorszagi Strategiai Fuzetek, Faculty of Economics, University of Miskolc, vol. 9(1), pages 19-32.
    11. Stephan Brunow & Peter Nijkamp, 2013. "Firm Formation and Agglomeration under Monopolistic Competition," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 13-134/VIII, Tinbergen Institute.
    12. Pasztor Szabolcs, 2012. "Development Possibilities Of The Hungarian-Ukrainian," Annals of Faculty of Economics, University of Oradea, Faculty of Economics, vol. 1(2), pages 385-389, December.
    13. Eckey, Hans-Friedrich & Türck, Matthias, 2005. "Convergence of EU-regions: A literature report," Volkswirtschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge 80, University of Kassel, Faculty of Economics and Management.
    14. Maria Florencia Granato, 2011. "REGIONAL NEW ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY (refereed paper)," ERSA conference papers ersa10p747, European Regional Science Association.
    15. Lóránt Bali, 2012. "A horvát-magyar határ menti együttműködés főbb aspektusai és leképeződései Barcs és Zala megye példáján," Eszak-magyarorszagi Strategiai Fuzetek, Faculty of Economics, University of Miskolc, vol. 9(1), pages 53-55.
    16. János Pénzes & Gergely Tagai, 2012. "The potential Effects of the "melting" of state borders on the border areas of Hungary," Eszak-magyarorszagi Strategiai Fuzetek, Faculty of Economics, University of Miskolc, vol. 9(1), pages 5-18.
    17. Moritz, Michael & Gröger, Margit, 2006. "The German-Czech Border Region after the Fall of the Iron Curtain : Effects on the Labour Market," Discussion Papers 48, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economic Geography; Geography; Integration; Regions; Spatial; Trade;

    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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