The Spatial Economy of Gender-Based Occupational Segregation
Occupational segregation by gender persists in spite of improvements in labor market gender equality over the past 40 years. In this paper a simple index of occupational segregation, the D-Index, computed for each of the 288 census divisions in Canada for the year 2000 is regressed on a measure of rurality, along with the standard explanations. The rurality variable is included to capture the influence of spatial variations in access to services and employment opportunities. Results indicate a strong influence of rurality, even when industrial composition is controlled for. Education attainment gaps and the presence of children are also significant.
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