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The Spatial Economy of Gender-Based Occupational Segregation

  • Olfert, M. Rose

    (U Saskatchewan)

  • Moebis, Dianne M.

    (Government of Nunavut)

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    Occupational segregation by gender persists in spite of improvements in labor market gender equality over the past 40 years. In this paper a simple index of occupational segregation, the D-Index, computed for each of the 288 census divisions in Canada for the year 2000 is regressed on a measure of rurality, along with the standard explanations. The rurality variable is included to capture the influence of spatial variations in access to services and employment opportunities. Results indicate a strong influence of rurality, even when industrial composition is controlled for. Education attainment gaps and the presence of children are also significant.

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    Article provided by Southern Regional Science Association in its journal Review of Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 36 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 44-62

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    Handle: RePEc:rre:publsh:v:36:y:2006:i:1:p:44-62
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    1. Jacob Mincer & Solomon Polacheck, 1974. "Family Investments in Human Capital: Earnings of Women," NBER Chapters, in: Economics of the Family: Marriage, Children, and Human Capital, pages 397-431 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    3. Barbara R. Bergmann, 1974. "Occupational Segregation, Wages and Profits When Employers Discriminate by Race or Sex," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 1(2), pages 103-110, April.
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    7. Hutchens, Robert, 2001. "Numerical measures of segregation: desirable properties and their implications," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 13-29, July.
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    9. Valerie Rawlston & William Spriggs, 2002. "A logit decomposition analysis of occupational segregation: An update for the 1990s of Spriggs and Williams," The Review of Black Political Economy, Springer;National Economic Association, vol. 29(4), pages 91-96, March.
    10. Randy P. Albelda, 1986. "Occupational Segregation by Race and Gender, 1958–1981," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 39(3), pages 404-411, April.
    11. Silber, Jacques, 1989. "Factor Components, Population Subgroups and the Computation of the Gini Index of Inequality," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 71(1), pages 107-15, February.
    12. Alan S Blinder & Yoram Weiss, 1974. "Human Capital and Labor Supply: A Synthesis," Working Papers 435, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
    13. Fuchs, Victor R, 1989. "Women's Quest for Economic Equality," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 3(1), pages 25-41, Winter.
    14. Spriggs, William E & Williams, Rhonda M, 1996. "A Logit Decomposition Analysis of Occupational Segregation: Results for the 1970s and 1980s," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 78(2), pages 348-55, May.
    15. William Bridges, 2003. "Rethinking gender segregation and gender inequality: Measures and meanings," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 40(3), pages 543-568, August.
    16. Michael P. Kidd & Michael Shannon, 1994. "An Update and Extension of the Canadian Evidence on Gender Wage Differentials," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 27(4), pages 918-38, November.
    17. Preston, Alison, 1997. "Where Are We Now with Human Capital Theory in Australia?," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 73(220), pages 51-78, March.
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