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La méthode des choix multi-attributs appliquée aux Monts d’Arrée

  • Jeanne Dachary-Bernard


    (CEMAGREF, Groupement de Bordeaux, 50 avenue de Verdun, 33612 Cestas-Gazinet)

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    Les espaces ruraux fournissent des aménités paysagères qui procurent du bien-être à leurs usagers. La demande sociale croissante en faveur de telles aménités justifie l’intervention des pouvoirs publics. Or, il est nécessaire à ce stade de connaître les bénéfices que provoqueraient des transformations paysagères. L’évaluation économique du paysage que nous développons ici s’appuie sur la méthode des choix multiattributs. Celle-ci consiste à interroger les individus sur leurs préférences face à plusieurs hypothétiques scénarii paysagers, illustrant chacun une situation paysagère qui prévaudrait sous l’effet de mesures politiques particulières. Nous l’appliquons au paysage rural des Monts d’Arrée (Finistère) dont les problématiques paysagères sont réelles et vis-à-vis desquelles des mesures politiques sont envisagées. Le modèle économique proposé produit les prix implicites des différents attributs paysagers considérés et permet d’en inférer les surplus attendus de différents programmes paysagers potentiels, une mesure paysagère ne concernant, en effet, rarement qu’un attribut mais plusieurs simultanément.

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    Article provided by INRA Department of Economics in its journal Cahiers d'Economie et Sociologie Rurales.

    Volume (Year): 84-85 (2007)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages: 133-166

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    Handle: RePEc:rae:jouces:v:84-85:y:2007:i::p:133-166
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