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Confiance, justification et controverse sur les OGM en Europe

  • Samira Chaklatti


    (GAEL (INRA- UPMF), BP 47, 38040 Grenoble cedex 09)

  • Damien Rousselière

    (LEPII (CNRS- UPMF), BP 47, 38040 Grenoble cedex 09)

Registered author(s):

    L’apparition des plantes génétiquement modifiées, en Europe, a donné lieu à des débats importants. Cette controverse concernant les OGM apparaît comme le résultat de la confrontation entre les intérêts des différents acteurs (mouvement associatif, lobby industriel, expert et scientifique, représentant politique) organisés en groupes de pression, s’appuyant chacun sur leur propre registre de justification des bienfaits ou des inconvénients supposés des biotechnologies agricoles. Les données d’une enquête européenne menée sur les sentiments des Européens vis-à-vis de la science (Eurobaromètre 58.0 de 2002) permettent de préciser l’importance de la confiance dans les différentes parties prenantes et l’intérêt des différents registres de justification pour le positionnement dans le débat public de la part des « citoyens ordinaires ». En conclusion sont discutés les principaux faits stylisés ainsi caractérisés.

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    Article provided by INRA Department of Economics in its journal Cahiers d'Economie et Sociologie Rurales.

    Volume (Year): 81 (2006)
    Issue (Month): p ()
    Pages: 61-93

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    Handle: RePEc:rae:jouces:v:81:y:2006:i:p:61-93
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