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Productivité agricole et rattrapage technologique : le cas des exploitations de grandes cultures du Nord-Pas-de-Calais

  • Stéphane Blancard

    ()

    (CERESUR, Université de La Réunion, 15 avenue René-Cassin, BP 7151, 97715 Saint-Denis-Messag cedex 9)

  • Jean-Philippe Boussemart

    (GREMARS, Université de Lille 3 - Charles-de-Gaulle, BP 60149, 59653 Villeneuve-d’Ascq cedex et GRECAT ISA-Lille, 48 boulevard Vauban, 59046 Lille cedex)

Un des principaux objectifs des différentes réformes successives de la PAC est de soumettre davantage l’offre agricole européenne aux signaux des marchés. De fait, la recherche de compétitivité devient une préoccupation majeure des agriculteurs. Les moins performants doivent rattraper les plus efficaces en essayant d’adopter progressivement les meilleures pratiques. Notre étude tente de révéler et de mesurer ces éventuels phénomènes de convergence des performances productives entre les exploitations agricoles. Elle porte sur 178 exploitations spécialisées en grandes cultures et situées dans un même bassin de production (Nord-Pas-de-Calais), au cours de la période 1994-2001 (période d’application de la réforme Mac Sharry et des premières mesures d’Agenda 2000).À partir d’estimations des niveaux de la productivité globale des facteurs basées sur la notion de fonction de distance, nos résultats indiquent clairement des processus de rattrapage, à la fois technique, et d’échelle entre les exploitations

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Article provided by INRA Department of Economics in its journal Cahiers d'Economie et Sociologie Rurales.

Volume (Year): 80 (2006)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages: 5-28

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Handle: RePEc:rae:jouces:v:80:y:2006:i::p:5-28
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  1. Vincent Chatellier & Laurence Ulmann & François Colson, 1995. "Réforme de la PAC et répartition des paiements directs aux exploitations agricoles," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 227(1), pages 11-20.
  2. R. D. Banker & A. Charnes & W. W. Cooper, 1984. "Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiencies in Data Envelopment Analysis," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 30(9), pages 1078-1092, September.
  3. Florence Jacquet & Wallace E. Tyner & Allan W. Gray, 2004. "La stabilisation du revenu des agriculteurs : un objectif central dans les politiques américaine et européenne," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 281(1), pages 5-23.
  4. Fried, Harold O. & Lovell, C. A. Knox & Schmidt, Shelton S. (ed.), 1993. "The Measurement of Productive Efficiency: Techniques and Applications," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195072181, March.
  5. Henri-Bertrand Lefer & Jean-Philippe Boussemart & Guillermo Flichman & Jean-Marc Boussard & Florence Jacquet, 1997. "Les effets de la réforme de la Pac sur les exploitations de grande culture," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 239(1), pages 20-29.
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