IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/pkp/ijppar/2015p40-59.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Compliance Behaviour in State-Run Fisheries: Situating Lake Chivero in a Policy Perspective

Author

Listed:
  • Tom Tom

    (University of South Africa (UNISA), Archie Mafeje Institute for Applied Social Policy Research (AMRI), Robert M. Sobukwe Building, 263 Nana Sita Street, Pretoria, South Africa)

  • Emmanuel Munemo

    (Zimbabwe Open University, National Centre, Department of Disability Studies and Special Needs Education, Mount Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe)

Abstract

Parks and wildlife facilities are intended to contribute people’s wellbeing socially and economically. This aim puts parks and wildlife management in policy. Appropriate management of parks and wildlife for wider social wellbeing is essential. This paper brings out the issues in compliance behaviour of fishers in Zimbabwe’s state-run lakes. The underlying aim of the study is to create policy options that sustain both the fish resources and the wellbeing of the fishers. Zimbabwe’s Parks and Wild Life Management Authority (ZPWMA) administers all state-run lakes in Zimbabwe in order to prevent their over-exploitation. Despite its strict management regulations, the following rather disturbing developments continue to be observed:a) An increase in disregard for the regulations among licensed fishers and an influx of unregistered fishers (poachers).b) A growing incapacity on the part of ZPWMA to contain the worsening non-compliance with management regulations among fishers.c) An increase in the number of illegal fishers entering the fishery. d) An increase in the amount of fish being sold illegally on open markets in Harare and neighbouring towns.The growing non-compliance with regulations could be a result of many factors. Firstly, the worsening economic problems, the rising unemployment as well as the ever-spiralling prices of beef mean that some people are finding fish to be the next cheaper substitute. Secondly, the rather narrow and state centrist approach to fisheries management little considers the practical concerns of fishers giving them no incentive to comply with the regulations. Thirdly, because of the above, the regulations are low in legitimacy, making them less self-enforcing and costly to enforce. At a policy level, the study attempts to find ways of making the existing fisheries management structures, policies and practices at the fishery command more respect and acceptance among fisheries, whilst creating a conducive environment for the fishers to enhance their wellbeing through fishing. The following main recommendations were made:a) Greater attention be paid to the legitimacy aspects of the regulatory institutions as well as the regulations;b) The interests of and concerns of the fishers be more fully incorporated into the management regulations to enhance their acceptance by fishers; and c) The job conditions of ZPWMA employees should be improved to curb corruption and to improve how they interact with fishers.

Suggested Citation

  • Tom Tom & Emmanuel Munemo, 2015. "Compliance Behaviour in State-Run Fisheries: Situating Lake Chivero in a Policy Perspective," International Journal of Public Policy and Administration Research, Conscientia Beam, vol. 2(2), pages 40-59, 06-2015.
  • Handle: RePEc:pkp:ijppar:2015:p:40-59
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.pakinsight.com/download/74/06-2015/2/3633
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: http://www.pakinsight.com/archive/74/06-2015/2
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pkp:ijppar:2015:p:40-59. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Editorial Office). General contact details of provider: http://www.conscientiabeam.com/journal/74 .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.