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Combustion Quality Evaluation of Briquettes Produced from Sesame Hull as Source of Sustainable Energy

Author

Listed:
  • Adegoke Idowu Abimbola

    (Department of Forestry and Wildlife Management, Federal University Gashua, Yobe State, Nigeria.)

  • Ige Ayodeji Rapheal

    (Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aliero, Kebbi State, Nigeria)

  • Audu Musa

    (Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aliero, Kebbi State, Nigeria)

Abstract

Briquetting is an efficient way of converting agricultural and forestry residues to clean alternative energy form for rural and sub-urban communities. Therefore, this study was carried out to determine the combustion properties of briquettes produced from sesame hull as an alternative fuel source to firewood and charcoal which are drivers of deforestation. Two different briquette samples were produced; Sample (A) is a briquette produced from sesame hull with 100% binder level of starch while sample (B) is a briquette produced from sesame hull with 50% binder level of starch as binding agent. The combustion properties examined include moisture content, ash content, volatile matter, fixed carbon, density, calorific value, water boiling time and time taking by the samples to burn to ashes were also determined. The physico-chemical characteristics of the briquettes studied showed that briquettes produced of 100% binder had higher fixed carbon of 13.78 %, notable high calorific value of 26.75 MJ/Kg, water boiling time at 4.02 min and with burning time of 13.22 min. The utilization of sesame hull for the production of briquette has provided an alternative economical energy source to firewood and charcoal. The briquettes produced showed that they are suitable as an alternative source of fuel energy which can be utilize for both domestic and industrial applications.

Suggested Citation

  • Adegoke Idowu Abimbola & Ige Ayodeji Rapheal & Audu Musa, 2020. "Combustion Quality Evaluation of Briquettes Produced from Sesame Hull as Source of Sustainable Energy," Energy Review, Conscientia Beam, vol. 4(1), pages 30-39.
  • Handle: RePEc:pkp:enerev:2020:p:30-39
    DOI: 10.18488/journal.81.2020.41.30.39
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