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Patterns of innovation in EU-25 regions: a typology and policy recommendations

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  • Mikel Navarro
  • Juan Jose Gibaja
  • Beñat Bilbao-Osorio
  • Ricardo Aguado

Abstract

With this paper we depict a typology of regions, capturing the diversity of regional innovation systems (RISs) across the EU-25. Following the RIS literature, we select twenty-one variables related to the ability of a region to generate and absorb knowledge, and its capacity to transform research and development into innovation and economic growth. On the basis of the results of principal components and cluster analyses, we identify seven types of RIS where the 186 regions group together according to their sectoral specialisation, technological and economic capacity, and performance. By allowing us to identify similar and more advanced regions, the paper facilitates comparisons and benchmarking between similar regions, thus enabling more accurate policy learning. For each group a number of policy recommendations are suggested, contingent on their local specific characteristics. In short, the contribution of this paper is twofold. Firstly, it provides the first RIS typology for the EU-25 regions completed using a large number of variables. Secondly, the conclusions obtained from the analysis may be used to lead policy makers’ actions in the field of regional innovation policy in the EU.

Suggested Citation

  • Mikel Navarro & Juan Jose Gibaja & Beñat Bilbao-Osorio & Ricardo Aguado, 2009. "Patterns of innovation in EU-25 regions: a typology and policy recommendations," Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 27(5), pages 815-840, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:pio:envirc:v:27:y:2009:i:5:p:815-840
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    Cited by:

    1. Pavía, José M. & Larraz, Beatriz, 2012. "Regional Size, Wealth and EU Regional Policy," INVESTIGACIONES REGIONALES - Journal of REGIONAL RESEARCH, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, issue 23, pages 127-141.
    2. Fonseca, Tiago & Lima, Francisco & Pereira, Sonia C., 2018. "Understanding productivity dynamics: A task taxonomy approach," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 289-304.
    3. Andrés Rodríguez-Pose & Edna M. Villarreal Peralta, 2015. "Innovation and Regional Growth in Mexico: 2000–2010," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 46(2), pages 172-195, June.
    4. Hajek, Petr & Henriques, Roberto & Hajkova, Veronika, 2014. "Visualising components of regional innovation systems using self-organizing maps—Evidence from European regions," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 197-214.
    5. Edquist , Charles & Zabala-Iturriagagoitia , Jon Mikel, 2015. "The Innovation Union Scoreboard is flawed: The Case of Sweden – not the innovation leader of the EU – updated version," Papers in Innovation Studies 2015/27, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
    6. Rosina Moreno & Ernest Miguélez, 2012. "A Relational Approach To The Geography Of Innovation: A Typology Of Regions," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 26(3), pages 492-516, July.
    7. repec:ris:invreg:0350 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. repec:eee:respol:v:47:y:2018:i:1:p:1-13 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. repec:spr:empeco:v:53:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s00181-016-1153-x is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Edquist , Charles & Zabala-Iturriagagoitia , Jon Mikel, 2015. "The Innovation Union Scoreboard is Flawed: The case of Sweden – not being the innovation leader of the EU," Papers in Innovation Studies 2015/16, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
    11. Ricardo AGUADO & Jabier MARTINEZ & Miguel Angel LARRINAGA, 2011. "REGIONAL R&D&i PRODUCTIVITY IN EUROPE. IDENTIFYING REGIONAL TYPOLOGIES AND POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS," ERSA conference papers ersa10p412, European Regional Science Association.
    12. Kroll, Henning, 2009. "Spillovers and proximity in perspective: a network approach to improving the operationalisation of proximity," Working Papers "Firms and Region" R2/2009, Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (ISI).
    13. Ricardo AGUADO & Jabier Martinez & Massimo Cermelli, 2013. "A dynamic analysis of regional R&D efficiency. The case of Italian and Spanish regions," ERSA conference papers ersa13p423, European Regional Science Association.
    14. Mate-Sanchez-Val, Mariluz & Harris, Richard, 2014. "Differential empirical innovation factors for Spain and the UK," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 451-463.
    15. Mikel Navarro, 2010. "Reflexiones sobre el sistema y las políticas de innovación del País Vasco," Working Papers 2010R04, Orkestra - Basque Institute of Competitiveness.
    16. Mikel Navarro Arancegui & Juan José Gibaja Martíns, 2009. "Las tipologías en los sistemas regionales de innovación. El caso de España," EKONOMIAZ. Revista vasca de Economía, Gobierno Vasco / Eusko Jaurlaritza / Basque Government, vol. 70(01), pages 240-281.

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