IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

A case study of induced trips at mixed-use developments

Listed author(s):
  • Benjamin R Sperry
  • Mark W Burris
  • Eric Dumbaugh
Registered author(s):

    Conventional thinking suggests that pedestrian-friendly, mixed-land-use developments will contribute to an overall reduction in travel by providing an alternative to automobile travel. However, these elements may serve to increase travel demand by reducing the overall cost of travel—a phenomenon generally known as ‘induced’ travel. To date, most studies of induced travel have focused on aggregate travel patterns, without examining how development patterns may influence people’s trip-making decisions. To fill a void in the empirical research, we examine the potential for induced trip making at mixed-use developments by analyzing data obtained from a survey of travelers at a typical mixed-use site in suburban Dallas, Texas, USA. Our analysis found that during both the morning and afternoon study periods, at least some percentage of internal trips at the case-study site were induced, and not ‘captured’ from the external street network as is typically assumed. Induced trips by land-use pair and travel mode are also reported. Even with the induced trips, a reduction in regional vehicle-miles traveled can still be realized at mixed-use developments sites due to the propensity for those trips to be made on foot. Induced travel also has implications for the development of traffic-impact studies for proposed mixed-use sites, which generally assume that all internal trips are replacing external trips. Planners, policy makers, politicians, and other stakeholders exploring mixed-use developments as a land-use solution to urban traffic congestion and air-quality issues are encouraged to consider the implications of induced travel in the mixed-use environment. Keywords: induced trips, mixed-use developments, neotraditional neighborhood development, traffic impact analysis, trip generation

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    File Function: abstract
    Download Restriction: Fulltext access restricted to subscribers, see for details

    File URL:
    File Function: main text
    Download Restriction: Fulltext access restricted to subscribers, see for details

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.

    Article provided by Pion Ltd, London in its journal Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design.

    Volume (Year): 39 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 4 (July)
    Pages: 698-712

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:pio:envirb:v:39:y:2012:i:4:p:698-712
    Contact details of provider: Web page:

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pio:envirb:v:39:y:2012:i:4:p:698-712. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Neil Hammond)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.