Geographic accessibility around health care facilities for elderly residents in Hong Kong: a microscale walkability assessment
An ageing population poses various challenges to a society. Improvements in the medical system and the transportation network are both needed to maintain and to improve the quality of life of the elderly population. In this study we first analyze the travel patterns of elderly residents to health care facilities (HCFs) in Hong Kong. Then, we focus on elderly residents walking to and from major transit stops and on a major HCF for elderly residents as a case study. In particular, a microscale walkability assessment is performed by taking into account elements including pedestrian safety, comfort, and convenience. Results of this study not only provide valuable data on the overall walkability of the built environment surrounding an HFC for elderly residents but also identify the major dimensions which need to be improved. The overall framework highlights the need to assess and provide a walkable pedestrian environment for promoting active ageing. Keywords: walkability assessment, elderly, health care facilities, built environment, active ageing
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