Commuting to the centre in different urban structures
Density gradients have been a common approach when estimating decentralisation processes with monocentric models. In this study the gradient approach is applied to measure the traditional pattern of commuting to the centre from surrounding areas. Availability of empirical origin – destination data on commuting enables comparisons between increasing numbers of different urban areas. Empirical data on commuting patterns in nine cities from Finland and the United Kingdom are used. In the model the probability of commuting depends on the distance to the centre. The result is the parameterisation of the distance-decay curve of commuting. The estimated parameter values enable identification of different urban structures.
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