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Spatial determinants of urban land conversion in large Chinese cities: a case of Hangzhou


  • Yong Liu
  • Wenze Yue
  • Peilei Fan


In this research we assessed the urban land conversion, and identified the factors responsible for the conversion, from 1995 to 2009 in Hangzhou, a large city located in the lower Yangtze River Delta of China. We mapped urban land from satellite images by using a hybrid approach of spectral mixture analysis, unsupervised classification, and expert rules. We employed binary logistic regression to model the probability of urban land conversion as a function of spatial independent variables. In recent years Hangzhou started its transformation from a compact, monocentric city to a polycentric city. We found that accessibility to the central business district, industrial centers, roads, Qiantang River, the amount of built-up area in the neighborhood, locations of markets, and spatial policies were the major determinants of Hangzhou’s urban land conversion. Moreover, the availability of land in the neighborhood has become increasingly important in recent years. We identified several major institutional forces underlying Hangzhou’s urban development: administrative annexation and development zones, the increasingly important role of the market, and the unique role of local government. The results from our research indicate the need for policies and plans that can better manage and reduce urban sprawl in Hangzhou.

Suggested Citation

  • Yong Liu & Wenze Yue & Peilei Fan, 2011. "Spatial determinants of urban land conversion in large Chinese cities: a case of Hangzhou," Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 38(4), pages 706-725, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:pio:envirb:v:38:y:2011:i:4:p:706-725

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    Cited by:

    1. Ling Zhang & Yehua Dennis Wei & Ran Meng, 2017. "Spatiotemporal Dynamics and Spatial Determinants of Urban Growth in Suzhou, China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(3), pages 1-22, March.
    2. Jinlong Gao & Yehua Dennis Wei & Wen Chen & Komali Yenneti, 2015. "Urban Land Expansion and Structural Change in the Yangtze River Delta, China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(8), pages 1-27, July.
    3. Han Li & Ye Hua Dennis Wei & Zhiji Huang, 2014. "Urban Land Expansion and Spatial Dynamics in Globalizing Shanghai," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(12), pages 1-20, December.
    4. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:7:p:1096-:d:102394 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Jianglong Chen & Jinlong Gao & Feng Yuan & Yehua Dennis Wei, 2016. "Spatial Determinants of Urban Land Expansion in Globalizing Nanjing, China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(9), pages 1-25, August.

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