IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Contractual enforcement of planning conditions: a Hong Kong case study

Listed author(s):
  • Ping Yung
Registered author(s):

    There is no direct statutory planning enforcement mechanism for land without a history of Interim Development Permission Area Plans or Development Permission Area Plans in Hong Kong. Indirect enforcement of planning conditions is largely conducted by the Buildings Department upon building approval and by the Lands Department if the conditions are incorporated into the lease. The extent to which planning conditions are incorporated into leases is largely unknown, impacting the effect of this indirect contractual enforcement. The extent and probabilities of the incorporation of planning conditions in Comprehensive Development Area zones into leases are investigated. A total of 339 planning conditions on thirty-eight sites were identified but some were excluded from the study, leaving 188 for analysis. These conditions were categorised into eight types and tested with a probit model. It was found that three categories of planning conditions (access improvement, footbridges, lay-bys, and public vehicle parks; social facilities such as open space, day nursery, or kindergarten; water supply, draining, sewage) had the highest percentages of incorporation into leases, while the percentage for a fourth category (layout, landscape, car park plan) was not very high but still significantly higher than the other four categories.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    File Function: abstract
    Download Restriction: Fulltext access restricted to subscribers, see for details

    File URL:
    File Function: main text
    Download Restriction: Fulltext access restricted to subscribers, see for details

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.

    Article provided by Pion Ltd, London in its journal Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design.

    Volume (Year): 38 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 1 (January)
    Pages: 163-174

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:pio:envirb:v:38:y:2011:i:1:p:163-174
    Contact details of provider: Web page:

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pio:envirb:v:38:y:2011:i:1:p:163-174. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Neil Hammond)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.