Simulation and validation of human movement in building spaces
Data on human movement are valuable input data for building-simulation tools such as indoor-climate simulation and working-condition assessment. However, reliable data on human movement in buildings are scarcely available. Existing human-movement models are, typically, developed for (semi)public spaces and lack applicability to indoor spaces. The research presented here focuses on indoor office-building spaces and normal working conditions. The simulation model was developed in conjunction with a validation method. Web-based diaries and radio frequency identification technology were used to collect data on human behaviour in a real-life situation. The performance of the model was tested against a set of newly developed criterion variables (for example, the usage of facilities or the movement behaviour of employees) related to human movement in building spaces. Observed and predicted movement patterns were compared for these criteria. Results indicate close correspondence between simulated and observed behaviour, providing evidence of the validity of the model. The model can be used to accurately predict the space utilisation of an organisation.
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