Integrating urban form and demographics in water-demand management: an empirical case study of Portland, Oregon
Theories of water-resource management suggest that water demand is mediated by three interacting factors: technological innovations, pricing structures, and individual behaviors and demographics. While these factors provide useful insights for ongoing water conservation strategies, such as outreach and education campaigns, pricing schemes, and incentives aimed at residential developments, few studies examine the relationship between land-use planning and water demand. This paper reports the results of a study on land-use zoning and development-induced water consumption in Portland, Oregon. We used a geographic information system to integrate land-use records, water-consumption data, sociodemographics, and property tax information for over 122 550 parcels of varying land uses, and employed multiregression analyses to measure the effect of urban form—as measured by both the type and the structure of land uses—on regional water demand. While our results corroborate previous studies that link demographic characteristics to water demand, we go further by identifying zoning and structural attributes of the households as explaining over 93% of water use in all parcels. The paper concludes with a discussion of the opportunities and challenges for coordinating water-resource management with land-use planning.
If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pio:envirb:v:37:y:2010:i:1:p:112-128. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Neil Hammond)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.