The diversity of gentrification in Houston’s urban renaissance: from cleansing the urban poor to supergentrification
The paper explores the diversity of gentrification, which involves various types of agents and processes in driving Houston’s urban renaissance. The research advances a technique that enables a broader analysis of gentrification, consistent with the approaches of Damaris Rose, Robert Beauregard, and Eric Clark to studying this process. A principal components analysis and a K -means cluster analysis revealed a grouping of fifty-four tracts in Houston, consisting of some 75 km 2 just within the 610 loop (Houston’s urban core), experiencing similar levels of upgrading. A qualitative analysis was developed around three case-study neighborhoods, captured from this one cluster, identifying similar scales of gentrification, but showing the internal diversity of the process: the ‘chaos’ and the ‘complexity’ of gentrification. The authors explore different mechanisms of redevelopment, used in different combinations throughout the city by different types of agents, in driving reinvestment and displacement throughout Houston’s urban core and surrounding neighborhoods. The research suggests that no one income group in Houston is secure in maintaining its socio-economic neighborhood composition, including the rich.
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