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Learning through contact? The effects on earnings of immigrant exposure to the native population


  • Tiit Tammaru
  • Magnus Strömgren
  • Olof Stjernström
  • Urban Lindgren


Factors influencing immigrant labour-market outcomes have received increased scholarly attention lately. A recent research focus has been the effects of residential setting on labour-market outcomes. This study brings a new dimension to this emerging body of research, introducing the role played by workplace composition, in addition to place of residence, in immigrant earnings. Based on Swedish longitudinal register data, ordinary least squares regression is used to examine effects of previous exposure to natives on earnings in three immigrant cohorts (1990, 1995, and 2000) five years after arrival. Besides controlling for individual characteristics and various labour-market attributes, a two-step Heckman correction procedure is applied to take into account the selectivity of entering the Swedish labour market. The main finding of the study is that exposure to the native population at the workplace is more important than residential exposure for predicting immigrant earnings.

Suggested Citation

  • Tiit Tammaru & Magnus Strömgren & Olof Stjernström & Urban Lindgren, 2010. "Learning through contact? The effects on earnings of immigrant exposure to the native population," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 42(12), pages 2938-2955, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:pio:envira:v:42:y:2010:i:12:p:2938-2955

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    Cited by:

    1. Tammaru, Tiit & Strömgren, Magnus & van Ham, Maarten & Danzer, Alexander M., 2015. "Gender Differences in the Effect of Residential Segregation on Workplace Segregation among Newly Arrived Immigrants," IZA Discussion Papers 8932, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    2. Magnus Strömgren & Tiit Tammaru & Alexander Danzer & Maarten Ham & Szymon Marcińczak & Olof Stjernström & Urban Lindgren, 2014. "Factors Shaping Workplace Segregation Between Natives and Immigrants," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 51(2), pages 645-671, April.
    3. Kamenik, Kristiina & Tammaru, Tiit & van Ham, Maarten, 2016. "EthniCity of Leisure: A Domains Approach to Ethnic Integration During Free Time Activities," IZA Discussion Papers 10146, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).

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