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Grounded visualization: integrating the analysis of qualitative and quantitative data through grounded theory and visualization


  • LaDona Knigge
  • Meghan Cope


Our purpose in this paper is to conceptualize and demonstrate an integrated analytical method for using both qualitative and quantitative data through geographic information systems (GIS) and ethnography. We acknowledge that the use of both types of data has been possible in GIS for some time, particularly for representation purposes. However, a recursive integration of different forms of data at the analysis level has been less explored and minimally theorized. Drawing on recent work in critical GIS and feminist perspectives, we suggest that visualization offers a strong technique for this effort but we approach it from the analytical base of grounded theory. Thus, we present an example of how grounded theory and visualization might be used together to construct an integrated analysis strategy that is both iterative and reflexive, both contextual and conceptual. We use Knigge’s work on community gardens in Buffalo, New York, to provide a substantive example of the proposed methods.

Suggested Citation

  • LaDona Knigge & Meghan Cope, 2006. "Grounded visualization: integrating the analysis of qualitative and quantitative data through grounded theory and visualization," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 38(11), pages 2021-2037, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:pio:envira:v:38:y:2006:i:11:p:2021-2037

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    1. repec:spr:chinre:v:9:y:2016:i:3:d:10.1007_s12187-015-9327-1 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Stuart C. Aitken & Thomas Herman, 2009. "Literature Review on Qualitative Methods and Standards for Engaging and Studying Independent Children in the Developing World," Papers inwopa09/63, Innocenti Working Papers.
    3. repec:eee:socmed:v:193:y:2017:i:c:p:59-69 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:2:p:119:d:63498 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Sujit Kumar Sikder & Francis Eanes & Henok Birhanu Asmelash & Shiba Kar & Theo Koetter, 2016. "The Contribution of Energy-Optimized Urban Planning to Efficient Resource Use–A Case Study on Residential Settlement Development in Dhaka City, Bangladesh," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(2), pages 1-19, February.
    6. repec:eee:worbus:v:53:y:2018:i:3:p:356-372 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:spr:nathaz:v:92:y:2018:i:3:d:10.1007_s11069-018-3273-4 is not listed on IDEAS

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